Ohio Child Support & Parenting Time Calculations
In Ohio, the amount of child support is figured based on a percentage of each parent's income, and parenting time doesn't factor into the formula.
Ohio uses a basic child support formula that uses parental income to determine the amount of payment. Accurate parenting time numbers don't directly affect your child support, whether you pay or receive. In some cases, child support can be reduced if your parenting time greatly exceeds what is standard in Ohio.
Ohio attorneys and judges often rely on parenting time estimates, even if they are incorrect, because counting parenting time is tedious and time consuming. Divorcing parents often rely on these estimates as well.
Using estimates means your parenting time totals are wrong when compared to your actual parenting time schedule. Keep your parenting time fair and exact with accurate records.
To calculate parenting time, the easiest and most accurate way is to use software. Without software, you're forced to add up hours for a whole year, which is error-prone when you include alternating holidays, summer break, and any changes to the schedule throughout the year.
The leading parenting time calculation software, Custody X Change, can calculate your parenting time to see if it was estimated incorrectly.
Using software, you can also tweak your schedule to see how even little changes affect your total parenting time, and you can see how your parenting time changes each year due to holidays and other events.
You can also track what actually happens, and show how much parenting time you've actually received for any period of time. Historical information is a powerful tool when you request a child support modification or when you request more parenting time.
In any divorce, Ohio family courts award custody of the children to one or both parents. Custody is divided into legal custody and physical custody. In many states, physical custody has an impact on the amount of child support, but not in Ohio.
In a Ohio physical custody case, the family court will designate a primary physical custodian. The residential parent hosts the children the majority of the time. The non-residential parent has visitation or parenting time.
A Ohio family court awards shared physical custody to most cases, except where the children's best interests or a parent's health or safety are an issue. Ohio family courts reject child support adjustments based on the time the child spends with a parent.
In Ohio, a single child support formula is used to determine child support amounts for both sole and shared custody. Unlike some other states, Ohio gives no automatic parenting time credit that can reduce your child support amount.
In the Ohio formula, each parent's gross income is determined and then allowable deductions are made. Deductions can include health insurance obligations for the children or day care expenses, for example. The net income is then used in the child support formula.
In Ohio, the non-residential parent pays child support to the residential parent.
Ohio family courts decline to put a dollar amount on non-residential parent spending time with their children, and currently do not tie compensation or credits to figuring child support amounts.
Accurate parenting time percentages are important because in Ohio Revised Code 3119.23, the law allows for certain deviations to be made in the child support amount if you can show you qualify for special consideration.
The law states that the court may deviate from the standard child support guidelines when it finds “extended parenting time or extraordinary costs associated with parenting time.” This could include instances where the non-residential parent hosts the children for overnights that far exceed a standard parenting time schedule.
While this scenario is rare, at least you can present an Ohio family court with accurate parenting time numbers.
Consider the hypothetical case of Robert and Mary. Robert's net income is $4,000 per month, while Mary's net income is $2,400 per month. They have two children.
See how the child support amounts change in these examples:
- Scenario #1: Robert is the non-residential parent. According to the Ohio child support formula, Robert pays $777 in child support each month to Mary.
- Scenario #2: Mary is the non-residential parent. Mary pays $338 in child support to Robert.
- Scenario #3: Robert and Mary earn the same amount, $4,000 per month, but she is designated as the residential parent. Robert pays $746 in child support to Mary.
In Ohio, the child support formula results in the non-residential parent paying child support to the residential parent, regardless of income.
Ohio's child support formula uses the following information to calculate your monthly amounts for shared custody child support:
- Each parent's gross annual income.
- The number of children under 18 or still in high school. Child support terminates at age 19 regardless of school status, according to the Ohio Revised Code, section 3103.03.
- Certain deduction amounts, such as the cost of health insurance premiums for the children or the cost of child care.
- A pre-existing child support or alimony obligation by either parent
Parenting time does not figure into the child support formula. However, you could submit your total parenting time to the court to show whether it is substantially in excess of the standard visitations in Ohio.
Paying accurate child support helps your children in several ways, primarily because it ensures their financial needs are met.
Here are some other reasons why accurate overnight numbers help you, the other parent and your children:
- It provides a fair way to determine your child support amounts
- It guarantees the child support amount reflects each parent's responsibilities
- It allows for modifications if your actual time and scheduled time are different
- It is compliant with Ohio law
Your financial obligations to your children don't end with divorce, so whether you are paying or receiving child support, you owe it to your children to pay or receive the proper amount.
To ensure you are paying or receiving the right amount of child support in Ohio, remember these 5 things:
- Ohio family courts prefer to award shared custody to divorcing parents, unless one of the parents is considered unfit.
- Child support and visitation rights are separate issues in Ohio, so there is no parenting time adjustment or child support credit given to non-residential parents.
- The Ohio courts use a state guideline to determine what the non-residential parent will pay. The guidelines specify that both parent's income and the number of children to support are key factors in figuring correct child support amounts.
- The non-residential parent pays child support to the residential parent, regardless of income.
- Ohio law does allow family courts to approve deviations from the child support formula in the event that the non-residential parent's parenting time greatly exceeds what is considered standard visitation.
Use the Custody X Change software to accurately calculate your total parenting time to present to an Ohio family court.