Appendix: How much custody time does dad get in your state?

Our main page for this study is here: How much custody time does dad get in your state?

Summary and findings

The aim of the study was to compile a state by state comparison of the amount of custody time given to fathers during separation or divorce. The percentages were calculated using custody time software, which calculates the exact percentage of time for any parenting schedule. We were already aware of many state differences and anticipated finding a large variance between states. The findings do in fact reflect this, with custody time for father ranging from 21.8% to 50% by state. The findings also show 40% of states are likely to award equal time to both parents. The difference between the lowest and highest ranked states equates to more than 100 days parenting time annually.

The findings indicate a clear transition away from traditional custody schedules, which once confined the non-custodial parent to alternating weekend. Testimonies from attorneys corroborate this finding. While what constitutes a common custody schedule can be subjective, there is no denying that some states are much more likely than others to implement 50/50 custody schedules, which give equal time to each parent (in accordance with assumptions specified below). The data shows that 20 states have some version of a 50/50 visitation schedule as the most common schedule awarded. This suggests that the state in which a father and his ex-partner reside has a significant impact on the amount of time he gets to spend with his child or children.

Taken as a whole, the majority of states do not commonly award 50/50 custody visitation schedules. Among those states there is much variation. Nationally, a father is likely to receive about 35% of child custody time.

While not without limitations, the study has produced findings that can be used to guide fathers in what to expect or aim for when seeking a custody schedule. Much consideration is given to individual circumstances, but many states now opt for an assumed 50/50 custody agreement, as long as this reflects the best interests of the child. This means that, without extenuating circumstances (such as distance, incompatible work schedules, violence or addiction) fathers in many states can expect an equal schedule. These states begins with the presumption of a 50/50 split, and then work backwards dependent on circumstances. Other states would never immediately assume a 50/50 split, but try to work toward that. For example, many states start with a standard minimum of alternate weekend custody and aim to add to this in order to give the child substantial time with each parent. Note that 50/50 custody is hardly ever given for children aged 3 or younger and that older children (mid-teens) have their preferences accounted for; hence our study assumes the age range 6-11 years old. This age range is much more likely to yield an equal-time parenting plan.

Although many states have no standard visitation schedule, there ae exceptions, as you can see in the sources section of this appendix. Judges often use this standard as a basis to build a more personal and relevant custody schedule for parents. Sometimes the standard simply equates to the legal minimum.

A deciding factor or catalyst in regards to this push towards 50/50 custody schedules has been lobbying by fathers' rights groups, advocates and parenting organizations. In 2017, 25 states considered bills to make post-divorce shared parenting the norm. However, the widespread and sometimes repeated rejection of similar past legislation highlights the fact that the shared parenting time trend is not ubiquitous. There has, of course, been opposition to these proposed laws and the movement in general. The groups against presumed equal parenting time generally consist of mother's and women's rights groups, as well as vocal opponents of domestic violence, who postulate that 50/50 is not always in the best interests of the child(ren).

Limitations of the research

Standard schedules can vary by county, and we did not get professional opinion from every county. For our research, we looked at the most populous county in each state. If we were unable to confirm the schedule for this county, we instead looked at a county confirmed to have a schedule used for multiple counties.

Our research relied on professional legal opinions and online published standards. Individual cases could differ from what our sources see as common or from what is published. To calculate historical custody time averages, a broad sample of recent custody agreements filed with the courts for each state would be necessary.

Assumptions for this study:

  • Parents have only 1 child who is between the ages of 6 and 11.
  • Parents are amicable, live within reasonable commuting distance from one another and do not have complicated work schedules such as shift work or irregular hours.
  • Neither parent has a history of violence, domestic abuse, drug use, or criminal convictions.
Methodology

Online research was conducted to find relevant, accurate and recent custody visitation schedules. Additional research consisted of email and phone outreach to experienced legal professionals from U.S. states (and ideally from the most populous counties within said states). Sources included bar associations, attorneys specializing in family law, and custody and county courts. In a period of 4 months hundreds of emails were sent and hundreds of phone calls were made to gather as much information as possible.

Questions were posed in regards to the most common custody schedules for each state. Initially a standard schedule was the objective; however, many states do not have a standard so the question was revised and the study took on a more anecdotal approach. Relative detail was required to accurately compute visitation percentages. Regular schedules, exchange times, holiday schedules, exceptions and holidays were all factors necessary to draw up the common schedules for each state.

Attorneys were by far the most useful sources in this regard and could give information relative to the various counties they practiced in; the more counties or the more populous the counties, the higher the likelihood of statewide representation. The relevant data were entered into the Custody X Change software to generate detailed custody calendars complete with percentages.

Example schedules found online, rather than data provided by a professional family law source, were cross referenced with legal professionals to verify accuracy and relevancy in 2018.

Functionality of Custody X Change software

The Custody X Change software is software that calculates schedules specific to shared parenting and custody. It accounts for every minute of custody time given to both the custodial and non-custodial parent. It is possible to create any schedule desired. The calendar section of the software was the primary feature utilized when inputting the data for schedules from each state. Snapshots of the calendar section are included above so the reader may understand how the percentages translate into parenting time on a week to week basis. One percent of annual custody time equates to nearly 88 hours.

There are schedules that cause a parent to gain from the other parent due to random holiday alignments. This is caused because one parent gets an extra weekend because the holiday they received was on the other parent's time, whereas for the next year, or next holiday, the other parent only receives the time they would have had already. We have nullified this effect by looking at the percentages where both parents have the starting weekend and averaged those percentages. This only applies to schedules that alternate weekends – first, third, and fifth weekend schedules aren't affected in the same way.

Sources
Alabama

Biggest county: Jefferson County

Source type: Standard visitation schedule found online (Madison County, 3rd biggest county)

Year: Unconfirmed

Regular schedule: Weekends : 1st and 3rd weekends of each month from 6:00 p.m. on Friday until 8:00 a.m. on the following Monday. Weekdays: Every Wednesday of each week from 3:00 p.m. until 8:00 a.m. the next morning.

Holiday schedule: Spring Break from School: From 6:00 p.m. on the last day of school before the break (in the district which the child attends) until 6:00 p.m. on the day before school starts back at the end of Spring Break in even-numbered years, regardless of whether such conflicts with other provisions.

Summer: For one-half of the child(ren)’s summer break from school, with the non-custodial parent having the child for the first half during even-numbered years, and the second half during odd-numbered years, and the custodial parent having the other half not awarded to the non-custodial parent herein. The parent who is not awarded that half of the summer break from school is awarded the Weekend Visitation described in subparagraph (a) above during the other parent’s half of the summer break.

Easter Weekend: from 6:00 p.m. on Friday of the weekend in which Easter Sunday falls until 8:00 a.m. on the Monday following in each odd-numbered years, regardless of whether such conflicts with other provisions.

Thanksgiving Break from School : From 6:00 p.m. on the last day of school before theThanksgiving School Break until 6:00 p.m. on the Sunday following in each odd-numbered year, regardless of whether such conflicts with other provisions.

Christmas Break from School: In even-numbered years, from 9:00 a.m. on the day after the last day of school before the break until 6:00 p.m. on December 25th; and, in odd-numbered years, from 6:00 p.m. on December 25th until 6:00 p.m. on the day before school starts back at the end of the break, regardless of whether such conflicts with other provisions.

10 day holiday in own parents summer time each.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 33.7%

Alaska

Source type: Attorneys (Steven Pradell and Blake Quacken Bush) who practice primarily in Anchorage (3rd judicial district) but also all over the state. Holiday date schedules taken from a document supplied by Mr. Pradell, “Alaska Court System Model Agreement”

Year: 2018

Bio: Steven Pradell has been practicing law in Anchorage, Alaska, since 1986. A certified elementary school teacher, Steven graduated from Brandeis University cum laude in 1982, and from the University of Oregon School of Law in 1986. He has practiced primarily in the area of domestic law since 1990, when he took over the domestic practice of one of the largest law firms in Anchorage. In 1993, Steven started Pradell and Associates, a law firm with a practice emphasizing in domestic law, including divorce, adoption, custody and support, as well as other areas of the law. Steven has been the legal advisor, teacher and a board member for the Anchorage Youth Court, a bar exam tutor for the Alaska Bar Association, a tutor of minority law students, an advisory board member and columnist for the Alaska Parenting News, and a columnist for the Alaska Bar Rag and Alaska Senior Voice. He is the author of The Alaska Family Law Handbook, as well as Winning the War Against Life Threatening Diseases, Published by New Horizon Press in 1995. He is a member of the domestic and unbundled legal services sections of the Alaska Bar Association and the American Bar Association, where he was recognized for his achievements. Pradell and Associates Attorneys at law 726 M Street Anchorage, Alaska 99501 (907) 279-4529. alaskanlawyers@gmail.com.

Blake Fulton Quackenbush is an attorney practicing in Anchorage, Alaska who graduated from the William S. Boyd School of Law. Law Offices of Blake Fulton Quackenbush 807 G Street, Suite 240 Anchorage, Alaska 99501 (907) 715-4942. blake@BFQLaw.com.

Regular schedule: "Some common schedules involving parents with shared physical custody who live in the same communities include 4-3-3-4 week on/week off or a 3-4 4-3 alternating schedule, and schedules vary for those cases where one parent has primary physical custody. Exchanges generally occur after school at the child's school when school ends or at one of the parent's homes, generally around 5pm."

Holiday schedule: "If both parents lived in Anchorage and parents shared physical custody, often a court will keep the same visitation schedule throughout the year. For parents who don't have shared physical custody, a court could expand the visitation for the non-custodial parent during the summer to either share it week on/week off or simply continue the schedule throughout the year."

Winter Break is 6pm the last day of school until 6pm the day before school starts again. All of break alternate years: Dad shall have all of Winter Break in odd years. Mom shall have all of Winter Break in even years.

One parent Christmas Eve and one parent Christmas Day - alternate years: Mom shall have the child(ren) from 10am until 10pm Christmas Eve and Dad shall have the child(ren) from 10pm Christmas Eve until 6pm Christmas Day in even years. The schedule shall be the opposite in odd years.

Summer schedule: Same schedule as school year: The same schedule shall continue through the summer except that either parent may travel with the child(ren) for up to 15 days for a vacation with notice to the other parent at least 30 days in advance and a schedule, location and telephone numbers provided at least 10 days before travel.

Spring Break: defined as 6pm last day of school to 6pm the day before school starts (Sunday). Mom shall have Spring Break in even years and Dad shall have Spring Break in odd years.

Mother's Day/Father's Day: If the child(ren) are not already with the mother/father on this day, then the mother/father shall be entitled to have the child(ren) for up to 4 hours. The mother/father shall give notice to the other parent of the schedule at least two days in advance.

Other holidays: Thanksgiving: defined as 10am to 8pm on Thanksgiving Day. Dad shall have Thanksgiving in even years and Mom shall have Thanksgiving in odd years. Halloween: defined as 4pm to 8pm on Halloween day. Dad shall have Halloween in even years and Mom shall have Halloween in odd years. Easter Sunday: defined as 10am to 6pm on Easter Sunday. Mom shall have Easter Sunday in even years and Dad shall have Easter Sunday in odd years. July 4th: defined as 10am to 8pm on July 4th. Mom shall have July 4th in even years and Dad shall have July 4th in odd years. Memorial Day weekend: defined as Friday 6pm to Monday 6pm. Dad shall have Memorial Day weekend in even years and the other parent shall have Memorial Day weekend in odd years. Labor Day weekend: defined as Friday 6pm to Monday 6pm. Mom shall have Labor Day weekend in even years and the other parent shall have Labor Day weekend in odd years. When it is Dad's or Mom's birthday, the birthday parent shall have their celebration during their regularly scheduled time with the child(ren). Child(ren)’s Birthday: When it is our child(ren)'s birthday each parent shall hold their celebration during their regularly scheduled time with the child.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

Arizona

Biggest county: Maricopa County

Source type: Attorneys (Sandra Burt, Brad Reinhart, Katherine Kraus) who practice state wide, but primarily in Maricopa County.

Year: 2018

Bio: Sandra Burt has been an attorney in the Phoenix area since 1988. Her career began when she received the prestigious position of clerkship in the Arizona Court of Appeals with the Honorable Edward C. Voss. In her three years at the Court of Appeals, Sandra presented cases to panels of appellate court judges, researched and wrote both legal memoranda and opinions for the panel, and discussed legal theories and principles with the appellate judiciary. Sandra’s appellate experience has made her uniquely qualified in her presentation of arguments to the court, both in written and oral form. Upon leaving the Court of Appeals, Sandra began practicing law exclusively in the area of Family Law. She is currently on the Family Law Roles committee and has previously served on several state bar committees. Sandra has served as a judge pro tem, and is a trained mediator. Sandra focuses on all aspects of family law, including dissolutions, separations, custody cases, post-dissolution modifications, child support matters, property division, business valuations, spousal support issues, litigation of family court matters, and mediation. 7509 East First Street Scottsdale, AZ 85251-4501 480-945-1800. Sandra@burtfeldman.com.

Katherine Kraus, Esq. "I went to law school late in life and graduated from Phoenix School of Law in 2010 and was admitted to the State Bar in June of 2011. My practice only focuses on family law." Law Office of Katherine Kraus, PLLC 9059 W. Lake Pleasant Parkway, Suite 300 Peoria, Arizona 85382 623.566.4500.

Brad Reinhart. "I’ve been practicing about 20 years. I work for myself at the Law Office of Brad Reinhart." www.bradreinhart.com. 7540 S. Willow Dr. Tempe, AZ 85283 602-443-5604 (Office). 602-471-3501 (Cell).

Regular schedule: "Most common schedule is a 5/2/2/5 – one parent always Monday and Tuesday; other parent always Wednesday and Thursday and the parents alternate the weekend (Friday to return to school or other parent on Monday a.m.). So one week 5 overnights and the next week two overnights."

Holiday schedule: "Each parent would get two weeks in summer, they can travel other times when they have the children. They alternate spring breaks from school, alternate 5 days at Thanksgiving, and divide the winter break in half. Winter break is divided evenly and the parents alternate Christmas eve/day. They usually pick a time that correlates with the start of a school day."

Other Holidays: "Monday holidays, such as: Memorial Day, Labor Day, and Presidents Day. The Monday holiday goes to the parent who has the weekend preceding the holiday and ends Tuesday a.m. So if parent A has the weekend before Labor Day, s/he will keep the children to Tuesday at 8:00 a.m. rather than until Monday at 8:00 a.m. that’s why the Monday/Tuesday parent in a 5/2/2/5 schedule loses some days. We usually don’t do July 4th because it messes with summer vacations. We don’t do Mother and Father’s birthday. Mother’s day and Father’s day are 24 hours – 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. Easter – 24 hours, alternate. Good Friday – if the parents are religious, 24 hours. We try to have all exchanges at school/camp etc. hence the 24 hours for the above holidays."

"Child’s birthday – where it falls. Sometimes the parents agree to a few hours for the parent who does not have the child to do a meal together. Depends if the child’s birthday falls on a school day (not many hours are left) or weekend."

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

Arkansas

Biggest county: Pulaski County

Source type: Suggested visitation schedule from 4th Judicial district Madison and Washington counties (50th and 3rd most populous counties) confirmed as accurate by Arkansas attorney

Year: 2015

Regular schedule: The 1st, 3rd, and 5th (when there are 5 Fridays in the month) weekends of each month commencing at dismissal from school/daycare on Friday and continuing until the following Sunday evening at 6:00 p.m. During the children's school year, Wednesday evening on the 2nd and 4th Wednesday of each month, commencing at 6:00 p.m. and ending at 8:00 p.m.

Holiday schedule: Each parent would get two weeks in summer, they can travel other times when they have the children. The summer visitation for the father shall commence June 15 at 9:00 a.m. and end June 30 at 6:00 p.m. Summer visitation for the mother shall commence August 1 at 9:00 a.m. and end on August 15 at 6:00 p.m. The non-custodial parent shall also be entitled to summer visitation to commence on July 10 at 9:00 a.m. and end July 25 at 6:00 p.m. During the summer visitation periods, all weekend visitation will be suspended.

Spring Break: Even-numbered years as defined by the school system, commencing at 6:00 p.m. the day school dismisses for Spring Break and continuing until 6:00 p.m. the day before school resumes. The custodial parent shall enjoy the Spring Break holiday according to the same schedule in odd-numbered years.

Easter Weekend: Odd-numbered years, commencing at 6:00 p.m. Friday until 6:00 p.m. on Easter Sunday. The custodial parent shall enjoy the Easter weekend holiday according to the same schedule in even-numbered years.

Memorial Day: Even-numbered years, commencing at 6:00 p.m. on Friday until 6:00 p.m. on Monday. The custodial parent shall enjoy the Memorial Day holiday according to the same schedule in odd-numbered years.

Independence Day: Odd-numbered years, commencing at 9:00 a.m. on July 4 and ending at 10:00 a.m. on July 5. The custodial parent shall enjoy the Independence Day holiday according to the same schedule in even-numbered years.

Labor Day: Even-numbered years, commencing at 6:00 p.m. on Friday until 6:00 p.m. on Monday. The custodial parent shall enjoy the Labor Day holiday according to the same schedule in odd-numbered years.

Halloween: Odd-numbered years, commencing at 5:00 p.m. until 9:00 p.m. The custodial parent shall enjoy the Halloween holiday according to the same schedule in even-numbered years.

Thanksgiving: Even-numbered years, commencing at 6:00 p.m. Wednesday before Thanksgiving and continuing until 6:00 p.m. Sunday. The custodial parent shall enjoy the Thanksgiving holiday according to the same schedule in odd-numbered years.

Christmas (even-numbered years): Commencing at 10:00 a.m. on the day marking the ·· halfway point of the school vacation and continuing until 6:00 p.m. the day before school resumes. The custodial parent shall enjoy the Christmas holiday commencing at 6:00 p.m. on the day school dismisses for the Christmas break and continuing until 10:00 a.m. on the day marking the halfway point of the school vacation. If the parents live within a one hour drive, the parent without the child(ren) on Christmas Day shall have visitation from 2:00 p.m. until 6:00 p.m. and shall provide transportation.

Christmas (odd-numbered years): Commencing at 6:00 p.m. on the day school dismisses for the Christmas break and continuing until 10:00 a.m. on the day marking the halfway point of the school vacation. The custodial parent shall enjoy the Christmas holiday commencing at 10:00 a.m. on the day marking the halfway point of the school vacation and continuing until 6:00 p.m. the day before school resumes. If the parents live within a one-hour drive, the parent without the child(ren) on Christmas Day shall have visitation from 2:00 p.m. until 6:00 p.m. and shall provide transportation.

Father's Day/Mother's--Day: Father shall have visitation on each Father's Day weekend and Mother shall have the same visitation each Mother's Day weekend, commencing at 6:00 p.m. on Friday until 8:00 p.m. on Sunday.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 28.1%

California

Biggest county: Los Angeles County

Source type: Attorney (Michael Wallerstein) who practices in Los Angeles

Year: 2018

Bio: Michael Wallerstein is an attorney in Los Angeles and Managing Partner of Venice Divorce Advisors. Using Custody X Change software and Dissomaster spousal support calculations, Michael is able to give clients an instant picture of how a client will fare in a divorce. This information greatly assists a client in strategizing their next move in life. LAW OFFICES OF MICHAEL WALLERSTEIN 1415 Main Street Venice, California 90291. Office: 310-438-5857. Mobile: 908-591-0226. Michael@Wallersteinlaw.com.

Regular schedule: "Alternate weekends Saturday and/or Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Wednesday evenings from 6:00 p.m. until 8:00 p.m. (a 3-2-2 schedule and it basically alternates weekends and splits weekdays) Weekends typically include Friday pickup from school and Monday drop off at school."

Holiday schedule: Summer: "Common is 3 week blocks of time – non-consecutive. Winter: We are typically dividing the Christmas holiday in first half (includes Christmas Eve and Day) and second half (includes New Years Eve and Day) that schedule alternates every year. This is most typical and easiest. If parties can work it out they share the actual day. Otherwise it is the typical alternating holidays with exchange times usually happening between 10 am and noon. Spring break- alternate."

Other holidays: Easter Sunday Even years: both odd years: both. Mother’s day and mother’s birthday : mother. Father’s day and father’s birthday: father. 4th July, Halloween, Thanksgiving Day: alternating. Child’s birthday: celebrate on weekend closest to birthday.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 32.8%

Colorado

Biggest county: Denver County

Source type: Confirmed as a 50/50 state by 4 separate attorneys/law firms who wish to remain anonymous.

Year: 2018

Rounded average: 50%

Connecticut

Biggest county: Fairfield County

Source type: Confirmed as a 50/50 state by several attorneys who wish to remain anonymous.

Year: 2018

Rounded average: 50%

Delaware

Biggest county: New Castle County

Source type:Contact guidelines- Delaware courts

Year: 2017

Regular schedule: 5 years and up: Shared contact schedule which may be extended to alternate weeks.

Holiday schedule: 1. School Breaks (Winter and Spring) : Winter and Spring Breaks shall be shared equally between the parents by dividing the breaks equally or rotating the breaks. 2. Summer Vacation: With the exception of children under the age of 5 years, the parents shall alternate contact weeks in the summer with the schedule beginning the first Friday in June and concluding the last Friday in August.

Other holidays: Dad shall have the children on the holidays in Column 1 in odd-numbered years and the holidays in Column 2 in the even-numbered years. Mom shall have the children on the holidays in Column 1 in the even-numbered years and the holidays in Column 2 in odd-numbered years:

Column 1 Easter or other religious holidays Fourth of July Halloween Christmas Day. Column 2 Memorial Day Labor Day Thanksgiving Day Christmas Eve.

Mother’s/Father’s Day : On Mother’s Day and Father’s Day, no matter whose turn for contact, the children shall be with the parent whose holiday is being celebrated from 9 a.m. until 6 p.m.

With the exception of Christmas and Halloween contact, holiday contact shall be from 9 a.m. until 6 p.m. the day of the holiday. Halloween contact shall begin at 5 p.m. and end at 8 p.m. on Halloween. Christmas Eve contact shall begin at 6 p.m. on December 24th and end at noon on December 25th. Christmas Day contact shall begin at noon on December 25th and end at 6 p.m. on December 26th. When a holiday falls on a Monday immediately following a contact weekend, the parent that had contact for the weekend shall be entitled to keep the children continuously from 6 p.m. Friday until 6 p.m. Monday.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

Florida

Biggest county: Miami-Dade County

Source type: Attorney Vanessa Vasquez (Practices in Miami-Dade)

Year: 2018

Bio: Vanessa Vasquez de Lara, Esq. is the founder and owner of Vasquez de Lara Law Group, a law firm dedicated to assisting families with the legal issues affecting them and their loved ones in family and probate court. She has been named to the 2015 Super Lawyers Rising Stars, 2016 Super Lawyers, and 2017 Super Lawyers list. She is an experienced family, probate, and guardianship litigator. Mrs. Vasquez de Lara has been featured multiple times on Univision’s Despierta America, a national television show, for her family law knowledge. She has been extensively involved in her community including as an elected member of the board of the Young Lawyers Section of the Dade County Bar Association. She is also active in the Family Court Committee and the Probate Committee of the Dade County Bar Association, as well as the Family Law Section and the Real Estate, Probate, and Trust Law Section of the Florida Bar. She is also an active board member of the Dominican American Bar Association.Vanessa Vasquez de Lara, Esq. Family, Probate, and Guardianship Attorney, Vasquez de Lara Law Group. (305) 596-9951. (305) 984-4287. Vanessa@familylawprotection.com. 7700 North Kendall Drive, Suite 607, Miami, FL 33156.

Regular schedule: "For equal timesharing the 2/2/3 (2 days with one parent, 2 days with the other and alternating weekends) is most common. There are 2 variations, one in which the days stay the same so one parent always has Monday/Tues and the other always has Wed/Thurs or where whichever parent does not have the weekend gets the Mon/Tues so that the schedule is alternating the days of the week."

Holiday schedule: Summer holidays: "Each parent shall be entitled to spend two continuous two week periods with the children for summer visitation during which the other parent may have telephonic contact on a reasonable basis. The parents shall confer to schedule such visitation. If unable to agree, the secondary residential parent shall have the last two weeks of June and the last two weeks prior to the children returning to school and the primary residential parent shall have any other two week periods not in conflict with the above-stated."

"Splitting the holidays in half is most common, such as 8 days each parent for winter break, split spring break, split summers. Other popular holidays are alternated such as Thanksgiving, 4th of July, Memorial day, Labor day etc. Holiday visitation hours: Hours for parents are as follows:

Other holidays: Dr. Martin Luther King begins at 6:00 p.m. the preceding Friday to 6:00 p.m. Monday. Spring Holiday begins the day after school lets out until the day the before school resumes. The break is divided in half, with each parent having an equal amount of time with the children. Easter weekend begins at 6:00 p.m. Friday before Easter Sunday and until Sunday at 6:00 p.m. Mother’s Day and Father’s Day are to be spent with the appropriate parent from 9:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. Memorial Day weekend begins at 6:00 p.m. Friday and continues until 6:00 p.m. on Monday. Fourth of July begins at 6:00 p.m. July 3rd through 6:00 p.m. July 4th, unless the holiday falls on a Monday or a Friday, then the adjacent weekend is included. Labor Day weekend begins at 6:00 p.m. Friday and continues until 6:00 p.m. on Monday. Thanksgiving holiday begins at 6:00 p.m. the night before Thanksgiving and continues through 6:00 p.m. the following Sunday."

MOTHER: Odd Years: Second half Spring Holiday, 4th of July, Labor Day weekend, Christmas break second half Easter. Even Years : MLK Birthday, 1st half Spring Break , Memorial Day weekend, Thanksgiving holiday, Christmas break first half. Every Year: Mother’s Day. FATHER: Odd Years: 1st half Spring Break Christmas break 1st half Thanksgiving holiday Memorial Day weekend MLK Birthday. Even Years: Second half Spring Holiday 4th of July Labor Day weekend Christmas break second half Easter. Every Year: Father’s Day.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

Georgia

Biggest county: Fulton County

Source type: Visitation Schedule (Exhibit A). Provided by the Atlanta Legal Aid Society

Year: 2007

Regular schedule: Weekends: The first and third weekends of every month, from Friday at 6:00 p.m. until Sunday at 6:00 p.m. The first and third weekends shall be defined as the weekends containing the first and third Fridays of the month.

Holiday schedule: 4 weeks during the children’s summer vacation from school. However, if none of the children is enrolled in school, this summer visitation shall be taken during the months of June, July and August, until such time as one of the children begins to attend school. The weeks may be taken consecutively or non-consecutively, but shall be taken in increments of at least seven (7) consecutive days. The parent with visitation shall give written notice of the chosen weeks to the other parent on or before March 1st (so that both parties will have ample time to make camp and child care arrangements for the summer).

Other holidays: Spring break: Mom odd years/Dad even years. From 6:00pm on the day school lets out for vacation, until 6:00pm on the day before the children return to school. Easter Weekend: Mom odd years/Dad even years. 6:00pm Friday to 6:00pm Sunday. Mother’s day (always with mom), Father’s day (always with dad) from 9:00am to 6:00pm on the day of the occasion only. Memorial Day Weekend: Dad odd years/Mom even years. 6:00pm Friday to 6:00pm Monday. Fourth of July: Mom odd years/Dad even years. 10:00am to 10:00pm on the day of the holiday. Labor Day Weekend: Dad odd years/Mom even years. 6:00pm Friday to 6:00pm Monday. Thanksgiving Weekend: Dad odd years/Mom even years. 6:00pm Wednesday to 6:00pm Sunday. First part of Christmas vacation: Dad odd years/Mom even years. From 6:00pm on the day school lets out of vacation until 12:00 noon on December 25th. Latter part of Christmas vacation: Mom odd years/Dad even years. From 12:00 noon on December 25th to 6:00pm on the day before the children return to school.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 23.5%

Hawaii

Biggest county: City and county of Honolulu

Source type: Legal Aid Society of Hawaii for holiday schedule in conjunction with attorney Steven Kim for an updated regular schedule

Year: 2002 and 2018

Bio: Steven J. Kim. Principal Attorney. Dual Licensed in the States of Hawai’i and California. Per Diem Family Court and District Court Judge, 2006-2009. Over twenty-five years of distinguished mediation, litigation and trial experience. Experienced Family Law and Trial Lawyer, With Real Jury and Non-Jury Trial Experience. Member, Hawai’i State Bar Family Law and Child Law Sections, California State Bar Family Law Section. Steven J. Kim, Esq. Law Office of Steven J. Kim. Honolulu Office 1188 Bishop Street, Suite 2710 Honolulu, Hawaii 96813. Tel: (808) 525-5222. stevekimlaw@gmail.com.

Regular schedule: Reasonable Visitation Type A: You and the Other Parent are on the Same Island (Type A usually applies to children 3 years and older. If you have a child under 3, see “Reasonable Visitation Type C” on the next page.) 1. Alternate weekends with each parent. 2. One night per week with noncustodial parent: from after school until an agreed time of return no later than 7:00 p.m. (Time of return depends on the child’s age and bedtime.)

Steven Kim: "After 30 years’ experience I have seen a clear shift from what used to be the norm but hasn’t been now for many years. Clear swing towards more equal time sharing although there is certainly by no means a presumption of equal time sharing, a deciding factor is child’s age amongst others. Younger equals less to no chance of 50/50 and 14, 15 or over results in the child’s preferences taking priority. The 2002 holiday schedule is still relevant and accurate but the above regular schedule needs updating, alternating weekends is a good base but there is usually significant shared weekday time also adopted (sometimes in the form of an overnight stay) in the absence of mitigating social factors."

Holiday schedule: Vacations: Christmas Vacation: One week of Christmas vacation each year with each parent, alternating the first and second week. The first week will include Christmas Eve and Day. The second week will include New Year’s Eve and Day. Summer Vacation: Maximum one half of summer, with alternate weekends to the custodial parent. The child will be returned to the custodial parent the week before school starts. If possible, state the number of weeks in summer vacation to avoid future problems. Spring Vacation: One half of spring vacation. If possible, state the number of days in spring vacation to avoid future problems.

Holidays and Special Days: a. Alternate Easter, Thanksgiving, and Halloween. b. Child’s birthday: parents share one half of the child’s birthday or alternate yearly. c. Father’s Day with father and Mother’s Day with mother. Same with parent’s birthday. d. On extra state and federal holidays the parents will alternate yearly or it can go to whomever has that weekend with the child.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 31%

Idaho

Biggest county: Ada County

Source type: Attorney David Johnson

Year: 2018

Bio: Active Attorney since 1985 (28 years). Former Bonneville County Prosecuting Attorney. Trial Advocacy Instructor with Idaho Prosecuting Attorney’s Association. Instructor at various Continuing Legal Education programs. Member of American Inns of Court, Eagle Rock Chapter. Member of the Family Law Section, Idaho State Bar. Served on the Idaho Attorney General’s task force on Domestic Violence. Helped write the Peace Officer Standard Training Manual for Domestic Violence. Certified Child Custody Mediator by the Idaho Supreme Court. Successfully represented thousands of clients. Successfully argued many cases before Idaho Supreme Court. Email: dave@attorneyidaho.com. Phone: (208) 535-1000. Website: www.attorneyidaho.com.

Regular schedule: "Joint legal and physical with one party having primary custody. The other parent has alternating weekends from Friday at 6:00 p.m. to Sunday at 6:00 p.m. In the interim week there is usually a weeknight visit for 2.5-3 hours in length."

Holiday schedule: Christmas 7:00 p.m. the day after school is dismissed until 7:00 p.m. on December 28th father odd years. Christmas 7:00 p.m. on December 28th until 7:00 p.m. the day before school resumes, father even years. Summer: Split equally (six weeks).

Other holidays: President’s Day, father even years. Easter 5:00 p.m. Saturday through 5:00 p.m. Sunday, father odd years. Mother’s Day and Mother’s Birthday, mother every year. Memorial Day Weekend 2:30 p.m. Friday through 8:00 a.m. Tuesday, father even years. Father’s Day and Father’s Birthday, father every year. July 4th 8:00 a.m. day of through 8:00 a.m. on July 5th, father odd years. Labor Day Weekend 2:30 p.m. Friday through 8:00 a.m. Tuesday, father even years. Halloween 8:00 a.m. October 31 through 8:00 a.m. November 1st, father odd years. Thanksgiving 7:00 p.m. on Wednesday until 7:00 p.m. on Sunday, father even years. Birthdays of the minor child(ren), father odd years. Spring break, father even years.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 24.1%

Illinois

Biggest county: Cook County

Source type: Will County Guidelines for Visitation. Due to the source being outdated we sought further confirmation and learned that a law passed in 2016 encouraged more equal parenting time but by no means presumed it. Joint custody and equal parenting time are now more available for judges as they are given greater flexibility but whether this is in the best interests of the child is dependent on a 17 point test. Changes are being made but 50/50 custody schedules are still not the norm.

Year: 2004

Regular schedule: Alternating weekends from 5pm Friday to 7pm Sunday. Wednesday 5pm- 8pm

Holiday schedule: Each parent entitled to 3 weeks holiday in the summer no more than 2 weeks or weekends consecutively. Summer break defined as the first day children do not have to attend school (9am) until 7 days before they have to return.

Other holidays: Odd number years dad gets: Night before child’s birthday 5pm-7pm. Memorial day 6pm Friday until 7pm Monday. Labor day weekend 6pm Friday until 7pm Monday. Thanksgiving Holiday 6pm Wednesday until 7pm Sunday. 10am December 25th until 7pm January 1st.

Even number years dad gets: Child’s birthday from end of school until 7pm. Easter weekend from 6pm Good Friday until 7pm Easter Sunday. Spring break 6pm on last day of school until 7pm day before school starts again. Independence day 3rd July 6pm until 5th July 7pm. Winter break 6pm December 20th until 10am December 25th.

Mother’s and father’s birthday: 9am - 7pm or 4pm - 7pm if school day on day of parents birthday. Father’s day weekend 6pm Friday until 7pm Sunday, mother’s day and father’s day weekend take priority over all other events birthdays, holidays etc.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 23.1%

Indiana

Biggest county: Marion County

Source type: Attorney Andrea Ciobanu in accordance with The Indiana Rules of Court parenting Guidelines and also a Marion County visitation schedule

Year: 2017 and 2018

Bio: Andrea Ciobanu obtained her undergraduate degree in Sociology and History as well her graduate degree in public affairs from Indiana University, both with highest distinction. She graduated from Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law, as well as the inaugural class of the ISBA’s Leadership Academy, Stanley K. Lacy Executive Leadership Series Class XL, FBI Citizens Academy, Trial Advocacy Skills College, and she was a National Fellow of the ABA’s Law Practice Division. She is the managing attorney of Ciobanu Law, PC, where she practices in domestic relations, civil rights, ADA Compliance, and appeals. She has argued before the Indiana Appellate and Supreme Court, as well as the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals. Ciobanu has been recognized on the Super Lawyers list every year since 2014 and has a AV-Preeiminate rating by Martindale-Hubbell. Ciobanu is an Indiana Registered Mediator, trained Guardian Ad Litem, Parenting Coordinator, Family Law Arbitrator, and Collaborative Law Professional. She is a frequent writer and speaker on topics such as legal ethics domestic relations, , civil rights, appeals, and the legal profession. She is also an adjunct professor of legal ethics, serves as a mentor to paralegal students, and serves on the IUPUI Paralegal Advisory Board. Ciobanu Law, P.C. 8910 Purdue Road, Suite 240 | Indianapolis, IN 46268. Phone/Fax: (317) 495-1090.

Regular schedule: On alternating weekends from Friday at 6:00 P.M. until Monday at 9:00 A.M. Wednesday 5pm- 9pm.

Holiday schedule: One-half of the Summer Vacation. The summer vacation begins the day after school lets out for the summer, and ends the day before school resumes for the new school year. The time may be either consecutive or split into two (2) segments. During any extended summer period of more than two (2) consecutive weeks with the non-custodial parent, the custodial parent shall have the benefit of the regular parenting time schedule set forth above, which includes alternating weekends and mid-week parenting time, unless impracticable because of distance created by out of town vacations. Similarly, during the summer period when the children are with the custodial parent for more than two (2) consecutive weeks, the non-custodial parent's regular parenting time continues, which includes alternating weekends and mid-week parenting time.

Other holidays: The Christmas vacation shall be defined as beginning on the last day of school and ending the last day before school begins again. Absent agreement of the parties, the first half of the period will begin two hours after the child is released from school. The second half of the period will end at 6:00 p.m. on the day before school begins again. Each party will receive one half (1/2) of the total days of the Christmas vacation, on an alternating basis as follows: In even numbered years, the custodial parent shall have the first one half (1/2) of the Christmas vacation and non-custodial parent shall have the second one half (1/2) of the Christmas vacation. In odd numbered years, the non-custodial parent shall have the first one half (1/2) of the Christmas vacation and custodial parent shall have the second one half (1/2) of the Christmas vacation. In those years when Christmas does not fall in a parent’s week, that parent shall have the child from Noon to 9:00 P.M. on Christmas Day. No exchanges under this portion of the rule shall occur after 9:00 p.m. and before 8:00 a.m., absent agreement of the parties.

Special Days: Mother's Day. With the child's mother from Friday at 6:00 P.M. until Sunday at 6:00 P.M. Father's Day. With the child's father from Friday at 6:00 P.M. until Sunday at 6:00 P.M. Child's Birthday. In even numbered years the non-custodial parent shall have all of the children on each child's birthday from 9:00 A.M. until 9:00 P.M. However, if the birthday falls on a school day, then from 5:00 P.M. until 8:00 P.M.

In odd numbered years the non-custodial parent shall have all of the children on each child's birthday on the day before the child's birthday from 9:00 A.M. until 9:00 P.M., however, if such day falls on a school day, then from 5:00 P.M. until 8:00 P.M. Parent's Birthday. From 9:00 A.M. until 9:00 P.M. with that parent, however, if the parent's birthday falls on a school day, then from 5:00 P.M. until 8:00 P.M. When the child’s birthday falls within a Special Day, Holiday, or Christmas vacation, the child’s birthday shall be celebrated with the parent having the child during that time period. When the parent’s birthday falls within a Special Day, Holiday or Christmas vacation, the Special Day, Holiday or Christmas vacation takes precedence.

The following holidays shall be exercised by the noncustodial parent in even numbered years and the custodial parent in odd numbered years: Martin Luther King Day. If observed by the child’s school, from Friday at 6:00 P.M. until Monday at 7:00 P.M. Presidents’ Day. If observed by the child’s school, from Friday at 6:00 P.M. until Monday at 7:00 P.M. Memorial Day. From Friday at 6:00 P.M. until Monday at 7:00 P.M. Labor Day. From Friday at 6:00 P.M. until Monday at 7:00 P.M. Thanksgiving. From 6:00 P.M. on Wednesday until 7:00 P.M. on Sunday.

The following holidays shall be exercised by the noncustodial parent in odd numbered years and the custodial parent in even numbered years: Spring Break. From two hours after the child is released from school on the child’s last day of school before Spring Break, and ending 7:00 p.m. on the last day before school begins again. Easter. From Friday at 6:00 P.M. until Sunday at 7:00 P.M. Fourth of July. From 6:00 P.M. on July 3rd until 10:00 A.M. on July 5th. Fall Break. From two hours after the child is released from school on the child’s last day of school before Fall Break and ending 7:00 p.m. of the last day before school begins again. Halloween. On Halloween evening from 6:00 P.M. until 9:00 P.M. or at such time as coincides with the scheduled time for trick or treating in the community where the non-custodial parent resides.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 28.8%

Iowa

Biggest county: Polk County

Source type: Lindsey Buchheit Iowa attorney practicing in Woodbury, Plymouth, Monona, Ida and Cherokee. Schedule provided confirmed as representative in Polk County, as well. Additional source: Judge Hoffmeyer’s Holiday Schedule

Year: 2018

Bio: Lindsey Buchheit received her Juris Doctorate from the University of Nebraska College of Law. She is the owner of Buchheit Law, PLC in Sergeant Bluff, Iowa. Ms. Buchheit is licensed in Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota, and focuses her practice on estate planning and family law. Attorney Buchheit is certified as an Estate Planning Law Specialist (EPLS) by the Estate Law Specialist Board, Inc., an organization accredited by the American Bar Association and affiliated with the National Association of Estate Planners and Councils. In 2018, the American Institute of Family Law Attorneys named Ms. Buchheit among the “10 Best” Family Law Attorneys in Iowa. Ms. Buchheit frequently speaks locally and nationally on the topics of estate planning and family law. She lives in Sergeant Bluff with her husband and two daughters. The Supreme Court of Iowa does not certify lawyers as specialists and the certification is not a requirement to practice law. Lindsey Buchheit, Attorney. Buchheit Law, PLC. 712.823.1024 (office) 712.823.1025 (fax). 633 1st Street, Suite A. P.O. Box 533. Sergeant Bluff, Iowa 51054. Lindsey@Buchheitlaw.net.

Regular schedule: "A common visitation schedule for the noncustodial parent is every other weekend from Friday until Sunday evening with perhaps a few hours one or two nights every week. Occasionally we are seeing more of the every other weekend being Friday until Monday morning so the overnights are Friday, Saturday and Sunday every other week, and on the week that doesn’t include the weekend visitation, the noncustodial parent then gets the child one overnight during the week on a Tuesday or Thursday night perhaps."

Holiday schedule: "In the summer it is common for the visitation schedule to remain the same, but each parent being awarded 1-2 non-consecutive, uninterrupted weeks of vacation time in the summer."

Other holidays: Father’s/Mother’s day and Father’s/Mother’s Birthday 8:00am until 6:00pm.

Father even-numbered years: Spring/Easter breaks- Good Friday 6:00pm to Sunday 6:00pm. July 4th- July 3rd 6:00pm until July 5th 6:00pm. Thanksgiving- Wednesday prior 6:00pm until Sunday 6pm. Christmas second half- Noon Dec 25th until NYD 6:00pm. Childs’ birthday 8:00am - 8:00pm.

Father- odd numbered years: Memorial Day- Friday 6:00pm until Monday 6:00pm. Labor day-Friday 6:00pm until Monday 6:00pm. Christmas first half- 5:00pm start of xmas vacation December 23rd if not in school until noon December 25th.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 28.3%

Kansas

Biggest county: Johnson County

Source type: Shawnee County (3rd biggest) Family Law Guidelines and Douglas County (5th biggest) Family Law Guidelines

Year: 2006 and 2012

Regular schedule: Commence alternate weekends, from Friday 5:30 p.m. to Sunday 5:30 p.m. ! Mid-week visits: either each Wednesday from 5:30 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. and alternate Mondays following the off weekend, from 5:30 p.m. to 8:00 p.m.; or each Tuesday from 5:30 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. and alternate Thursdays immediately prior to the off weekend, from 5:30 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. In the summer or if parents are in close proximity, a midweek visit may be overnight.

Holiday schedule: Each parent shall be able to take the child on an annual vacation trip of up to seven days for children ages 3 and up to 5, and up to fourteen days thereafter, after at least 30 days advance consultation with the other parent regarding that parent's summer parenting time and plans, and the child’s summer activities and events. The vacation trip shall not be scheduled during the other parent's holiday time, or in conflict with the summer parenting time schedule, if any, absent an agreement of the parties.

Other holidays: Easter Weekend - From Friday at 7:00 p.m. until Sunday at 7:00 p.m. with parent B during even-numbered years and parent A during odd-numbered years. Spring Break - Reside with each parent during one-half of the spring break, with the transfer to occur on Wednesday evening at 7:00 p.m. The parent normally having the child during the first weekend of spring break should continue to have the child until the Wednesday transfer.

Mother's Day - From 9:00 a.m. until 7:00 p.m. with the child's mother. Memorial Day - From Friday at 7:00 p.m. until Monday at 7:00 p.m. with parent A in even-numbered years and with parent B during odd-numbered years. Father's Day - From 9:00 a.m. until 7:00 p.m. with the child's father. Fourth of July - From 7:00 p.m. on July 3rd until 7:00 p.m. on July 5th with parent A during even-numbered years and with parent B during odd-numbered years. Labor Day - From Friday at 7:00 p.m. until Monday at 7:00 p.m. with parent B during even-numbered years and with parent A during odd-numbered years. Halloween - Halloween evening from 5:00 p.m. until the following morning at 9:00 a.m. or the commencement of school with parent A in even-numbered years and with parent B during odd-numbered years.

Thanksgiving - From Wednesday evening at 7:00 p.m. until Friday evening at 7:00 p.m. with parent B during even-numbered years and with parent A during oddnumbered years. The parent who does not have the child on Thanksgiving shall have the child on the weekend following Thanksgiving. Pre-Christmas Period - From 7:00 p.m. the day school is dismissed for vacation until noon on Christmas day with parent B during even-numbered years and with parent A during odd-numbered years. Christmas Period - From noon on December 25th until 7:00 p.m. on December 30th with parent A during even-numbered years and with parent B during odd-numbered years. New Year’s Eve and New Year’s Day - From December 30 at 7:00 p.m. to 7:00 th p.m. of the evening before school resumes with parent B in even-numbered years and with parent A in odd-numbered years. Parents' Birthdays - The child shall spend part of the day with the respective parent on that parent's birthday. Child's Birthday - The child shall spend the child's birthday with parent B in evennumbered years and with parent A in odd-numbered years. The parents shall arrange for the child to have time with the other parent on their birthday, if feasible, or the weekend before or after.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 26.4%

Kentucky

Biggest county: Jefferson County

Source type: Multiple sources cite the importance of new developments in Kentucky that have led to more equal custody visitation and common awards of 50/50. A bill recently passed has resulted in joint custody and equal parenting time being the temporary order law in Kentucky

Year: 2018

Rounded average: 50%

Louisiana

Biggest Parish: East Baton Rouge

Source type: Fourth Judicial District Court Parish of Ouachita (8th biggest)

Year: unconfirmed

Regular schedule: Every other weekend Friday 6pm to Sunday 6pm with a Monday holiday following a weekend, extending that weekend. Wednesday 6pm until Thursday 8am on weeks when he doesn’t have the weekend.

Holiday schedule: Father entitled to alternating weeks with the children first week starting on the first Friday after school recesses ending the week before school resumes. A week for summer custodial periods is Friday 5pm until following Friday 5pm.

Other holidays: Thanksgiving: split into two parts first part 6pm day of school recess and ending 8pm on the Wednesday before thanksgiving. Second part 8pm on Wednesday just before Thanksgiving and ending 6pm on the day prior to school resuming. Father shall have first part and Mother second part during odd numbered years, even numbered years mother have the first part and father have the second part.

Christmas and New Year’s Holidays: split into two parts first part commencing at 6pm on the evening that school recesses and ending at 8pm on Christmas Eve and the second part commencing at 8pm Christmas Eve 8pm and ending 6pm on the day prior to school resuming in January. Father shall have the first part during even numbered years and the second part during odd numbered years. This period needs to be as equal as possible even if this means adjusting the rest of the holiday.

Spring break: split into two parts first part commencing at 6pm on the day that school recesses and ending at noon on the day which comprises the midpoint of the holiday and the second part commencing at noon on said midpoint and ending at 6pm on the day prior to school resuming. Father shall have the first part and mother shall have the second part during even numbered years and during odd numbered years mother the first part and father the second.

4th July: 6:00pm day before until 6:00pm day of holiday alternating. Father’s day: 6pm day before until 6pm day of holiday. Mother’s day: 6pm day before until 6pm day of holiday.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 25.4%

Maine

Biggest county: Cumberland County

Source type: Confirmed by an attorney who wished to remain anonymous. Maine, possibly more than any other state,places a huge emphasis on the best interests of the child. The details of what constitutes this can be found online. 50/50 custody schedules are relatively common as is a shared custody arrangement dependent on circumstances.

Year: 2018

Rounded average: 50%

Maryland

Biggest Parish: Montgomery County

Source type: American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers. Model for A Parenting Plan. Many varying options within this plan but the Alternate weekends plus weeknight was confirmed independently by an anonymous attorney source as the one most regularly seen.

Year: 2004

Regular schedule: Alternate weekends plus weeknight: Alternate weekends from Friday 3pm - Monday 8am/school plus every Wednesday 3pm – 8pm.

Holiday schedule: The same schedule shall continue through the summer except that either parent may travel with the child/ren for up to 15 days for a vacation. No later than April 1 the parents shall exchange proposed vacation schedules in writing. In odd years Mother shall have first preference for vacation time. In even years Father shall have preference. The parents must respond to the proposed schedules by April 15. If the parent with preference for that year does not respond by April 15, the other parent who has responded by April 15 shall have preference. A detailed itinerary, including locations and telephone numbers where the child/ren and parent can be reached must be provided at least 10 days before travel.

Other holidays: Winter School Break (December/January) Definition: Winter Break is 3pm the last day of school until 3pm the day before school starts again. Mother shall have first half of Winter Break in even years and Father shall have the second half of Winter Break. The schedule shall be the opposite in odd years. Christmas Eve/Christmas Day: The schedule above shall apply. In addition to the above schedule, the following applies: One parent Christmas Eve and one parent Christmas Day - alternate years: Mother shall have the child/ren from 9am until 9pm Christmas Eve and Father shall have the child/ren from 9pm Christmas Eve until 9pm Christmas Day in even years. The schedule shall be the opposite in odd years.

Martin Luther King Day weekend: Defined as Friday 6pm to Monday 6pm. Father shall have Martin Luther King Day weekend in even years and the other parent shall have Martin Luther King Day weekend in odd years. President’s Day weekend: Defined as Friday 6pm to Monday 6pm. Mother shall have President’s Day weekend in even years and the other parent shall have President’s Day weekend in odd years. Memorial Day weekend: Defined as Friday 6pm to Monday 6pm. Father shall have Memorial Day weekend in even years and the other parent shall have Memorial Day weekend in odd years. July 4th: Defined as 9am on July 4th to 6pm on July 5th. Mother shall have July 4th in even years and Father shall have July 4th in odd years. Labor Day weekend: Defined as Friday 6pm to Monday 6pm. Mother shall have Labor Day weekend in even years and Father shall have Labor Day weekend in odd years. Columbus Day weekend: Defined as Friday 6pm to Monday 6pm. Father shall have Labor Day weekend in even years and Mother shall have Labor Day weekend in odd years. Thanksgiving: Defined as 9am to 6pm on Thanksgiving Day. Mother shall have Thanksgiving day in even years and Father shall have Thanksgiving day in odd years.

Spring Break: Defined as 6pm last day of school to 6pm the day before school starts (Sunday). Father/Mother shall have Spring Break in even years and Father/Mother shall have Spring Break in odd years. Easter Sunday: Defined as 9am to 6pm on Easter Sunday. Defined as: whichever parent the child/ren is/are with that year under the regular schedule.

Mother's Day/Father's Day: If the child/ren is/are not already with the Mother/Father on this day, then the Mother/Father shall be entitled to have the child/ren for Mother’s/Father’s Day from 9am to 6pm. Halloween: Defined as 3pm to 8pm on Halloween day. Father shall have Halloween day in even years and Mother shall have Halloween day in odd years. When it is Father's or Mother's birthday, the birthday parent shall be entitled to have the child/ren for 4 hours on the birthday and shall give notice to the other parent of his/her plan to exercise this option at least three days in advance. Child/ren’s Birthday: When it is the child/ren's birthday, the child/ren will be with Father during even years and Mother during odd years.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 26.1%

Massachusetts

Biggest county: Middlesex County

Source type: Confirmed as marginally more likely to receive 50/50, after a recent swing towards equal parenting time presumption, by several attorneys who wish to remain anonymous.

Year: 2018

Rounded average: 50%

Michigan

Biggest county: Wayne County

Source type: Wayne County Circuit Court Co-Parenting Order General Parenting Time

Year: 2016

Regular schedule: Every Tuesday at 6PM until Wednesday to school/daycare/ or custodial parent, no later than 10AM AND alternate weekends. Alternate Weekend time is defined as Friday 6PM until Sunday 6PM.

Holiday schedule: Summer Break: Summer Break is defined as the period between the last day of school at the end of the school year until the day school starts again in the Fall. Each parent shall have one week (7 consecutive overnights) of uninterrupted parenting time each month in July and August. If the parents do not agree in writing (signed by both parents) on their summer parenting time, it shall be exercised as follows: July/August summer parenting time: The parenting time for the noncustodial parent shall begin the second Sunday in July and August at 6PM and continue until the following Sunday at 6PM. The parenting time for the custodial parent shall begin the third Sunday in July and August at 6PM and continue until the following Sunday at 6PM.

Other holidays: Spring and/or Mid-Winter Break: The parents shall defer to the Spring and/or Mid-Winter Break schedule of the school district in which the eldest child in common primarily resides, is enrolled, or will attend. Spring and/or Mid-Winter Break parenting time shall be from 6PM on the day school is recessed until 6PM the day before school is scheduled to resume. Christmas/Holiday Break: The parents shall defer to the Christmas/Holiday Break schedule of the school district in which the eldest child in common primarily resides, is enrolled, or will attend. In Odd Numbered Years: Father shall have parenting time from 6PM on the day that the school recesses for holiday (Christmas) Break until 6PM December 24th. Mother shall have parenting time from 6PM December 24th until 6PM December 31st. Father shall have parenting time from December 31st at 6PM until 6PM the day before school is scheduled to resume. Thereafter the normal parenting time schedule shall resume. In Even Numbered Years: Mother shall have parenting time from 6PM on the day that school recesses for winter (Christmas) Break until 6PM December 24th. Father shall have parenting time from 6PM December 24th until 6PM December 31st. Mother shall have parenting time from December 31st at 6PM until 6PM the day before school is scheduled to resume. Thereafter the normal parenting time schedule shall resume.

Memorial day: Mother even father odd years Memorial Day Weekend begins at 6PM the Friday before Memorial Day and ends at 6PM Memorial Day. 4th July: Father even mother odd years. Fourth of July begins at 6PM on July 3rd and ends at 6PM on July 5th. Labor day weekend: Mother even Father odd years. Labor Day Weekend begins at 6PM the Friday before Labor Day and ends at 6PM Labor Day. Halloween: Father even mother odd years. Halloween: Parenting time begins at 6PM and ends at 8PM. Child’s birthday: Mother even father odd years. Child’s Birthday: If the child’s birthday falls on a scheduled school day, parenting time shall be from 6PM until 8:30PM. Thanksgiving weekend. Even father odd mother. Thanksgiving Weekend begins at 6PM the Wednesday before Thanksgiving Day and ends at 6PM the following Sunday at 6PM. Spring break: Father even mother odd years. If the child’s birthday falls on a non-school day, parenting time shall be from 9AM to 6PM. If the child’s birthday takes place on the same date as a recognized holiday, the holiday parenting time will take precedence over the birthday parenting time. Easter: mother even father odd. If the children’s Spring Break does not include Easter, Easter shall be exercised from Friday before Easter at 6PM until Easter Sunday at 6PM. Mother’s Day/Father’s Day: The child(ren) shall be with their mother on Mother’s Day from 9AM until 6PM, and with their father on Father’s Day from 9AM until 6PM.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 27.1%

Minnesota

Biggest county: Hennepin County

Source type: Confirmed as now more or less a 50/50 state (after a relatively slow transition) by several attorneys who wish to remain anonymous.

Year: 2018

Rounded average: 50%

Mississippi

Biggest county: Hinds County

Source type: Standard Farese Visitation- confirmed as relevant and current. Roles of mother and father have been reversed for the study as this schedule has father as primary custodial parent

Year: 2015

Regular schedule: Dad shall have visitation every other weekend from Friday at 5 p.m. until Sunday at 5 p.m. commencing on Friday April 3, 2015 and continuing every other weekend thereafter.

Holiday schedule: During summer break from school, Non-Custodial parent shall be allowed four (4) weeks to spend with the child. Non-Custodial Parent shall have the child the first two (2) weeks in June and the second two (2) weeks in July. During her visitation periods, the child shall timely attend his scheduled activities.

Other holidays: Easter Mother odd Father even. Memorial Day Father odd Mother even. July 4th Mother odd Father even. Labor Day Father odd Mother even. Thanksgiving Mother odd Father even. Spring Break Mother odd Father even. Visitation shall commence at 8 o’clock a.m. and end and 8 o’clock a.m. The following day, with exception of Christmas Day. On the Odd Year, Mother shall have visitation with the minor child from 1 o’clock p.m. on December 20 until 1 o’clock p.m. on Christmas Day. On the Even Year, Mother shall have visitation with the minor child from 1 o’clock p.m. on Christmas Day until 1 o’clock p.m. on New Year’s Day.

Mother shall have the child on Mother’s Day every year regardless of whose weekend on which it may fall, commencing at 8 o’clock a.m. and ending at 7 o’clock p.m. Father shall have the child Father’s day every year every year regardless of whose weekend on which it may fall, commencing at 8 o’clock a.m. and ending at 7 o’clock p.m. Each parent shall have visitation with the child for at least four (4) hours on each of their respective birthdays, regardless of the weekend visitation set out above. Each parent shall have visitation with the minor child for four (4) hours on the child’s birthday.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 23.1%

Missouri

Biggest county: Louis County

Source type: Form CCFC179 – Parenting Plan Part A – Custody, taken together with anonymous attorney testimony. Clear indication that a law passed in 2016 although not mandating or presuming 50/50 has accompanied a definite trend in that direction. 50/50 is marginally the most commonly seen schedule and a pending 2018 legislation could see the 50/50 adopted as a standard presumption.

Year: 2018

Rounded average: 50%

Montana

Biggest county: Yellowstone County

Source type: Montana Fourth Judicial District (Missoula and Mineral counties 2nd most populous)

Year: 2011

Regular schedule: Weekends: Alternate weekends from Friday at 5:30 P.M. to Sunday at 7 P.M.; the starting and ending times may change to fit the parents' schedules. Or an equivalent period of time if the secondary caretaker is not available on weekends and the child does not miss school. In addition, if time and distance allow, one or two midweek visits of two to three hours. All transportation for the midweek visits are the responsibility of the secondary caretaker.

Holiday schedule: Extended Parental Contact. One-half of the school summer vacation (33 days). At the option of the secondary caretaker, the time may be consecutive or it may be split into two blocks of time. If the child goes to summer school and it is impossible for the secondary caretaker to schedule this contact time other than during summer school, that parent may elect to take the time when the child is in summer school and transport the child to the summer school session at the child's school or an equivalent summer school session in the secondary caretaker's community.

Other holidays: Mother's Day - Father's Day. The alternate weekends will be shifted, exchanged or arranged so that the children are with their mother each Mother's Day weekend and with their father each Father's Day weekend. Conflicts between these special weekends and regular parental contact shall be resolved pursuant to Paragraph 1.9. Parents' Birthdays. The children should spend the day with the parent who is celebrating their birthday, unless it interferes with a secondary caretaker's extended visitation during vacation. Children's Birthdays. Like the holidays, a child's birthday shall be alternated annually between the parents. If the birthday falls on a weekend, it shall extend to the full weekend, and any resulting conflict with regular visitation shall be resolved pursuant to Paragraph 1.9. If the birthday falls on a weekday, it shall be celebrated from 3 P.M. to 9 P.M. (or so much of that period as the secondary caretaker elects to use).

Winter (Christmas) Vacation. One-half the school winter vacation, a period which begins the evening the child is released from school and continues to the evening of the day before the child will return to school. If the parents cannot agree on the division of this period, the secondary caretaker shall have the first half in even-number years. If the parents live in the same community, in those years when Christmas does not fall in a parent's week, that parent shall have from Noon to 9 P.M. on Christmas Day

Holidays. Parents shall alternate the following holiday weekends: Easter, Memorial Day, the 4th of July, Labor Day and Thanksgiving. Thanksgiving will begin on Wednesday evening and end on Sunday evening; Memorial Day and Labor Day Weekends will begin on Friday and end on Monday evening; Easter weekend will begin on Thursday evening and end on Sunday evening: while the 4th of July, when it does not fall on a weekend, shall include the weekend closest to the 4th. Holiday weekends begin at 5:30 P.M. and end at 7 P.M. on the appropriate days.

Conflicts Between Regular and Holiday Weekends: When there is a conflict between a holiday weekend and the regular weekend visitation, the holiday takes precedence. Thus, if the secondary caretaker misses a regular weekend because it is the primary caretaker's holiday, the regular alternating visitation schedule will resume following the holiday. If the secondary caretaker receives two consecutive weekends because of a holiday, regular alternating visitation will resume the following weekend with the primary caretaker. Parental Contact Before and During Vacations: There will be no parental contact the weekend(s) before the beginning of the secondary caretaker's summer vacation visitation period(s), regardless of whose weekend it may be. Similarly, that parent's alternating weekend visitation(s) shall resume the second weekend after each period of summer vacation that year. Weekend visitation "missed" during the summer vacation period will not be "made up." During any extended summer visitation of more than three consecutive weeks, it will be the secondary caretaker's duty to arrange, for a time mutually convenient, a 48-hour continuous period of visitation for the primary caretaker unless impracticable because of distance.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 26%

Nebraska

Biggest county: Douglas County

Source type: Lancaster county standard schedule (2nd most populous county)

Year: 2010

Regular schedule: 10 day/4 day parenting plan- every other week beginning on Thursday 4:30pm until Monday 8am.

Holiday schedule: Summer: Begins 9am on the 7th day following the last day of school and ending at 5pm the 7th day before the first day of school. Normal schedule suspended during this time and the non-custodial parent shall have 9am on the 21st day following last day of school for 2 weeks and from 9am on the 21st day prior to the first day of school starting again for 2 weeks.

Other holidays: Mother’s/father’s day: 9am- 7pm. Parents’ birthdays: 9am- 8pm.

Odd numbered years for dad: 1. Easter (Spring Break) 6pm day released from school up until 7pm day before they return. 2. Thanksgiving 6pm on day kids are released from school until 7pm day before they return (wed-sun). 3. New year’s day- commences Dec 27th noon and concludes 7pm day before school restarts. 4. Child’s birthday 5pm-8pm. 5. July 4th- commences 9am on July 4th until 9am 5th July.

Even numbered years for dad: 1. Memorial day weekend- 6pm Friday and concludes 7pm Monday. 2. Labor day weekend- 6pm Friday and concludes 7pm Monday. 3. Christmas (winter break)- commences day school finishes 6pm and concludes at noon Dec 27.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 32.9%

Nevada

Biggest county: Clark County

Source type: Rebecca A. Fuller (attorney Clark and Nye County) and document for holiday schedule example

Year: 2018

Bio: The foundation of Fuller Law Practice is Rebecca Fuller, a family and civil litigator who prides herself on providing the highest level of service to her clients by being fully transparent with them, educating them through every step of the legal process, and advocating fiercely for them in the courtroom. For over a decade, Rebecca has dedicated her life to attaining excellence in her field and serving the needs of her clients. 500 N. Rainbow Blvd. Suite 300 Las Vegas, NV 89107. PH 702.553.3266. FX 702.553.3267. www.FullerLawPractice.com.

Regular schedule: "The most common schedules tend to be week on/week off or alternating weekends."

Holiday schedule: "Summer tends to be according to the regular timeshare and holidays and school breaks are generally alternated with even and odd years, dividing the holidays equally."

Other holidays: "Most plans recognize New Year’s, Easter/Spring Break, Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, Memorial Day, Labor Day, President’s Day, MLK Day, Halloween, Nevada Day, Independence Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas."

Weekend Holidays: The parents will share weekend holidays based on the following schedule, with residential time to begin upon the release of school for the holiday period and continue until the morning school resumes following the holiday, at the first morning bell, unless otherwise noted. During summer/track breaks, the following holiday time will begin on Friday at 3:00 p.m. and continue until 9:00 a.m. on the first weekday following the holiday.

Martin Luther King Day Weekend : Even year dad. President’s Day Weekend: Odd year dad. Mother’s Day Weekend: Always mom. Memorial Day Weekend : Even year dad. Father’s Day Weekend : Always dad. Independence Day: Odd year dad. Labor Day Weekend: Even year dad. Nevada Admission Day Weekend: Odd year dad. Halloween Day: Odd year dad. Veterans’ Day Weekend : Even year dad.

Independence Day will include the weekend if the holiday occurs on a Friday, Saturday, Sunday or Monday of any given year. In the event the holiday occurs on Tuesday, Wednesday, or Thursday, it will be treated as a one day holiday and shall begin at 9:00 a.m. on July 3rd and continue until July 5th at 9:00 a.m. Halloween will be celebrated as a one day holiday, beginning upon the release of school, or 9:00 a.m. during school/track breaks, and continuing until the next morning when school resumes or 9:00 a.m. during school/track breaks.

Birthdays: The parents will share birthdays based on the schedule set forth below. The birthday schedule will begin after school on the birthday [or if school is not in session at 9:00 a.m.] and continue until the morning following the birthday at 9:00 a.m., or when school begins, at the first morning bell, if school is in session, when the regular residential schedule will resume. The designated parent shall be entitled to have all of the parties’ children in his/her care during the birthday period. Mother’s Birthday will be with mom every year. Father’s birthday will be with father every year. Children’s birthday will be with Mom odd years and dad on even years.

Easter/Spring Break: The parents will share the Easter/Spring Break based on the following schedule, with the holiday period to begin upon the release of school for the holiday period and continue until school resumes following the Spring Break at the first morning bell. Dad odd years, mom even years.

Thanksgiving: The parents will share the Thanksgiving Break based on the following schedule, with the holiday period to begin upon the release of school before Thanksgiving and shall continue until school resumes following the holiday, at the time of the first morning bell. Mom odd years, dad even years.

Winter Break: The winter break holiday period will be divided into two segments based on the school calendar. Specifically, the first segment will begin on the day the school calendar releases for the break and shall continue until December 28th at 12:00 p.m. (noon), when the other parent’s timeshare shall begin, to continue until school resumes following the Winter Break, at the first morning bell. First Segment/Christmas: Dad odd years, mom even years. Second Segment/New Year’s: Mom odd years, dad even years.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

New Hampshire

Biggest county: Hillsborough County

Source type: Shaunna L. Browne (attorney, Merrimack, Hillsborough (North and South), Rockingham and Cheshire counties)

Year: 2018

Bio: Attorney Browne is a member of the New Hampshire Bar Association, the American Bar Association and the Manchester Bar Association. She serves on the New Hampshire Bar Association's Cooperation with the Court committee, the Family Law Section's Rules Committee and on the Executive Committee for the Manchester Bar Association. E-mail: shaunna@shaunnabrownelaw.com. Shaunna L. Browne Law PLLC. 102 Bay Street, Suite #2 Manchester, New Hampshire 03104. Free Initial Consultation Call - 603-626-8080.

Regular schedule: "The most common repeating schedule in NH is one parenting having every Monday p.m., through Wednesday a.m. and the other parent having Wednesday p.m. through Friday a.m. with alternating weekends which would begin Friday p.m. through Monday a.m."

Holiday schedule: "A summer schedule would remain the same but allow each party two non-consecutive weeks of vacation."

Other holidays: "There would be a specific schedule for Christmas, Winter and Spring vacation weeks. Usually they would be shared or alternated. With respect to three day weekends, we usually note that whichever parent is exercising parenting time on the weekend before a Monday holiday, then their parenting time is extended to include the Monday holiday so that the exchange would occur at the same time on Monday as it would normally occur on Sunday."

"Major holidays would be alternated or shared, i.e. Thanksgiving, Christmas and Easter. Most other holidays would be exercised based upon the routine schedule or three day weekend schedule. A Thanksgiving schedule could include the Wednesday before Thanksgiving until Friday morning or a specific exchange time on Thanksgiving Day, i.e. 3:00 p.m. I generally try to make Thanksgiving include the Wednesday through the weekend so that the child does not have to be exchanged during the holiday weekend, but the Court’s will generally see Thanksgiving as being from the Wednesday before until the Friday after."

"Christmas Eve/Christmas Day is often alternated. One parent would have Christmas Eve until Christmas day at 12:00 noon and the other parent would have from Christmas Day at 12:00 noon until December 26. This schedule would alternate each year. The Court is more inclined to indicate that the parties will share the December holiday vacation week based upon the Christmas schedule. The Court will usually indicate that the parties will alternate having the children for Winter/Spring break, i.e. one parent would have Winter break in even numbered years and the other parent would have Spring Break and then in odd numbered years the schedule would be reversed. Generally speaking, the parent that has Thanksgiving would have Christmas Day vs. Christmas Eve in the same year."

"Generally speaking a child or children will be with the mother on Mother’s Day and father on Father’s Day. The time frame can either be from Saturday before Mother’s/Father’s Day until some point on Sunday or the next routine exchange or in some instances the time frame is just for the day, i.e. 9:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m."

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

New Jersey

Biggest county: Bergen County

Source type: William Rodriguez (attorney) practices: Statewide. "The information provided would be based on personal experience in Hudson, Union, Bergen, Essex, Passaic, Sussex, Morris, Warren and Middlesex." Edward Weinstein (Middlesex and Monmouth)- confirmed 50/50 split and the fact there is no variation by county.

Year: 2018

Bio: Edward Weinstein of the Law Offices of Edward R. Weinstein has been practicing divorce and family law in his home town of East Brunswick, New Jersey, for nearly 25 years. Attorney Edward R. Weinstein, Esq., is a graduate of Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey and the New York Law School, New York, New York Mr. Weinstein has been appointed to the Assignment Judge's Family Law Committee, as a Member on the Early Settlement Panel with the Superior Court of New Jersey, and as a Member of the Supreme Court of New Jersey District Ethics Committee. Attorney Weinstein has appeared in as a legal expert in The Star Ledger, New York Times, Home News Tribune, The Asbury Park Press, Law-On-The-Line, NY WCBS 880, The New Jersey Law Journal, Ft. Lauderdale Sentinel, Miami Herald, ABC Eyewitness News, WCBS-TV New York Evening News, News 12 New Jersey, CNN, NJ 101.5 FM, and Court TV. Edward R. Weinstein, Esq. Weinstein Professional Building. 214 Highway 18, East Brunswick, New Jersey 08816. Phone: 732-246-0909. E-mail: Edward@weinsteinlawoffice.com.

Regular schedule: "We see various forms of 2-2-3 for custody schedules. The variations go to whether the days are fixed or alternating."

Holiday schedule: "Vacation is anywhere from one to two weeks each. Summers are either the same as regular time or, if regular time is not equal, summer will be 50/50 time. Each parent also gets vacation that generally happens over the summer that may shift the schedule as well."

Other holidays: "Usually holidays alternate with the party getting Thanksgiving not having Christmas. This can change depending on whether the parties hold family celebrations on Christmas Eve, Christmas Day or both. Usually exchanges happen in the morning or at school depending on the time of year. Since most holidays create three day weekends, they are evenly divided so both parents can have non-school days - this is true even for cases where the parents do not have equal regular time."

Holidays include all federal holidays and can include splitting of Halloween, Mother's Day, Father's Day, parents’ birthdays and children’s birthdays. Holidays are split into two and then half to dad half to mum each year alternating.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

New Mexico

Biggest county: Bernalillo County

Source type: Gary Boyle (attorney in Santa Fe,- 3rd biggest county)

Year: 2018

Bio: Mr. Boyle has been trying cases for 37 years and specializes in high conflict divorce and child custody disputes.

Regular schedule: "The judges in the First District (including Santa Fe County and Rio Arriba County) generally try and push for something approximating equal time for both parents unless there are unusual circumstances which happen often in the cases I handle but I suspect not as often in the general population of cases. The schedule I see most often generally follows a pattern where the children are with one parent for three or four days and with the other parent for the remainder of the week with the schedule flipping in the following week. I sometimes see schedules that alternate weeks but that is less common. When one party will have the children mostly on weekends, the most common schedule includes three out of every four weekends for the weekend only parent."

Holiday schedule: "Most parenting plans include all popular and national holidays with each parent alternating in odd and even years."

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

New York

Biggest county: King's County

Source type: Law and Mediation Office of Darren M. Shapiro, P.C and an anonymous New York divorce lawyer

Year: 2014

Regular schedule: "Equal parenting time arrangements are really the exception, rather than the rule. Probably the most common parenting time schedule that I see is where one parent has parenting time every other weekend from Friday evening or Saturday morning until Sunday evening or Monday morning. Often times the order can include a weekly or bi-weekly dinner or overnight visit in the middle of the week to supplement the alternating weekends. What is inherent in this type of parenting schedule is that one parent is the primary residential custodial parent." “Along with the every other weekend visitation, we very often have it set up so the non-custodial parent sees the children during the evening on two weekdays for dinner during the week".

Holiday schedule: Every other holiday: "This includes all school holidays, school recesses such as Thanksgiving, Christmas and Spring break/Easter vacation as well as popular public holidays. The non-residential custodial parent usually obtains parenting time (visitation) with the children from two to four weeks each year when he or she is off from work. Typically, in this aforementioned type of generic schedule, the children will alternate holidays and school breaks between the parents. A provision is usually included to give one parent priority for selection of vacation time in odd numbered years and the other in even numbered years. Mother’s day is to be with the mom and father’s day with the Dad in most cases. Time for each parent to see the children on their own birthdays and for each parent to see the child on the children’s birthdays are usually part of the order."

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 30.4%

North Carolina

Biggest county: Mecklenburg County

Source type: Sample Parenting Time Guidelines

Year: Unconfirmed

Regular schedule: 1. Weekends: The NCP shall be entitled to alternate weekend parenting time. Parenting time shall begin on Friday at 6:00 p.m. and end on Sunday at 6:00 p.m. 2. Weekday Parenting Time: The NCP shall be entitled to parenting time one evening per week from 3:00 p.m. or when school releases until 8:00 p.m. The evening shall be the same every week and varied only if conflicts with the holiday or vacation schedule. If the parties cannot agree, weekday visitation shall be on Wednesdays.

Holiday schedule: Annual Vacation: Parenting time shall be as follows: Four weeks in the summer to begin no sooner than one full week after the last day of school and to end no later than one full week before the first day of school. Parenting time may be exercised in one three week period plus a one week period or two two-week periods that shall not be consecutive. In the event that written notification is not given as set forth in Section d. Scheduling Annual Vacation (below), parenting time shall be the last two full weeks of June and the last two full weeks of July. Parents should schedule annual vacation time around the school calendar, including summer school if applicable.

Other Holidays: In odd-numbered years the NCP shall be entitled to spend Martin Luther King Jr. Day Weekend, Easter, July 4th Weekend, Thanksgiving and the first half of Christmas vacation with the minor child; and the CP shall be entitled to spend Spring Break vacation, Memorial Day Weekend, Labor Day Weekend, Halloween, and the second half of Christmas vacation with the minor child. In even numbered years, the schedule shall be reversed. The Holiday schedule shall take precedence over weekday and weekend visitation schedules.

a. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day Weekend, July 4th Weekend, Labor Day Weekend, and Memorial Day Weekend– Parenting time shall begin at 6:00 p.m. on Friday and end at 6:00 p.m. on Monday. b. Easter – Easter often falls within the Spring Break vacation period. In the event that it does not, then the child shall spend Easter with the NCP during odd-numbered years, and the CP during even-numbered years. If Easter falls within the Spring Break period, then parenting time shall be with the parent entitled to spend the spring break vacation period with the child. Easter parenting time shall be from 6:00 p.m. on Friday until Sunday at 6:00 p.m. c. Thanksgiving – Parenting time shall begin on the Wednesday before Thanksgiving at 6:00 p.m. and end at 6:00 p.m. on Sunday.

d. Christmas Vacation – The first half of the Christmas parenting time shall begin on December 18th at 6:00 p.m. and end at 8:30 p.m. on December 24th. The second half of Christmas parenting time shall begin at 8:30 p.m. December 24th and end at noon January 1st. e. Halloween – If the holiday falls on a weekday, parenting time shall be from 3:00 p.m. or when school releases until 9:00 p.m. If the holiday falls on a weekend, parenting time shall be from 9:00 a.m. until 9:00 p.m. on Halloween.

f. Mother’s Day – Shall be spent with the Mother every year. In the event that the holiday falls on a weekend that is scheduled to be spent with the other parent, parenting time shall be from 9:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. on Mother’s Day. g. Father’s Day – Shall be spent with the Father every year. In the event that the holiday falls on a weekend that is scheduled to be spent with the other parent, parenting time shall be from 9:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. on Father’s Day.

h. Mother’s Birthday – Shall be spent with the Mother every year. If the Mother is the NCP and the Mother’s birthday is on a weekday, parenting time shall be from 3:00 p.m. or when school releases until 8:00 p.m. If the Mother’s birthday is on weekend that is scheduled to be spent with the other parent, parenting time for the Mother shall be from 9:00 p.m. until 6:00 p.m. on the Mother’s birthday. i. Father’s Birthday - Shall be spent with the Father every year. If the Father is the NCP and the Father’s birthday is on a weekday, parenting time shall be from 3:00 p.m. or when school releases until 8:00 p.m. If the Father’s birthday is on weekend that is scheduled to be spent with the other parent, parenting time for the Father shall be from 9:00 p.m. until 6:00 p.m. on the Father’s birthday. This visitation will not take priority over other vacation or holiday parenting time. j. Child’s Birthday – The child will celebrate his or her birthday with the NCP on odd-numbered years and the CP on even-numbered years. In years that the child spends his or her birthday with the NCP, if the child’s birthday falls on a weekday, parenting time will be from 3:00 p.m. or when school releases until 8:00 p.m. If the child’s birthday falls on a weekend that is scheduled to be spent with another parent, parenting time shall be from 9:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. on the child’s birthday. The parent holding a birthday party for the child may wish to consider inviting the other parent to the party. This visitation will not take priority over other vacation or holiday parenting time.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 27.9%

North Dakota

Biggest county: Cass County

Source type: Confirmation from multiple Cass County Attorneys that although bills to introduce presumption of shared parenting have repeatedly and resoundingly been rejected, 50/50 schedules are these days still a very common occurrence dependent on certain circumstances which this study addresses in its assumptions section.

Year: 2018

Rounded average: 50%

Ohio

Biggest county: Franklin County

Source type: Lucas county (6th biggest), Local parenting time schedule, Court of Common Pleas of Lucas County Division of Domestic Relations. Confirmed by attorney Michael D Kirby.

Year: 2015

Regular schedule: Weekends Friday 7pm- Sunday 7pm. Wednesday 5pm-8pm.

Holiday schedule: Each parent is entitled to 4 weeks of vacation each year. Spring Break (total): Even Father Odd Mother. Winter Break: Even Mother- Start of winter break until Dec 24 10pm and Father Dec 24th 10pm until end of break. Odd: Opposite. The break begins at 7pm on the last day of school until 7pm the night before school resumes.

Other holidays: Easter Sun 10am-7pm: Even Father Odd Mother. Mother’s Day/Father’s Day Sun 10am-7pm. Memorial Day Sun 7pm- Mon 8pm: Even Mother Odd Father. Independence Day 4th 9am- 5th 9am: Even Father Odd Mother. Labor Day Sun 7pm- Mon 8pm: Even Mother Odd Father. Halloween same day 3 hours: Even Mother Odd Father. Thanksgiving Thu 9am- Fri 9am: Even Father Odd Mother. Christmas Eve 23rd 9pm- 24th 10pm: Even Mother Odd Father. Christmas Day 24th 10pm- 25th 9pm: Even Father Odd Mother. New Year’s Eve/Day 31st 5pm- 1st 9pm: Even Mother Odd Father. Child’s birthday 10am- 8pm or 5pm- 8pm on school days: Even Mother Odd Father. Parents birthday 10am- 8pm or 5pm- 8pm on school days.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 23.7%

Oklahoma

Biggest county: Oklahoma County

Source type: Internet sources (Tulsa county and Logan county, 2nd and 19th most populous counties respectively)

Year: 2014

Regular schedule: Wednesday 5:30pm- 8:30pm. First shift weekend visits: alternating weekends Friday 6:00pm to Monday morning or 6:00pm if there is no school.

Holiday schedule: 4 weeks holiday each, 2 weeks consecutive (summer).

Other holidays: Mother’s day/Father’s day 9:00am- 7:00pm. Parents birthdays with respective parents from end of school until 9pm or if weekend 9am-9pm.

Custodial parent even years: Memorial day- Friday 6pm until Monday 6pm. Labor day- Friday 6pm until Monday 6pm. Christmas- Christmas eve 6pm until Christmas day 2pm. Thanksgiving- Wednesday 6pm to Sunday 6pm. Child’s birthday 9am- 7pm if no school 5:30pm- 8:30pm if school.

Non-custodial parent even years: Easter- Thursday 6pm until Sunday 6pm. 4th July- the night before the 4th 6pm until the morning after the 4th except when the 4th falls on a Saturday Sunday or Monday when visitation shall commence Friday night and continue to the end of weekend or the holiday, whichever is later. Christmas vacation and New Year’s Day- Christmas day 2pm until January 1st. Halloween- 5pm until 9pm.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 22.4%

Oregon

Biggest county: Multnomah County

Source type: Marion county (5th biggest) visitation schedule and D C county parenting plan form (for holidays)

Year: Unconfirmed

Regular schedule: Every other weekend from Friday after school and returning the child to school on Monday. If the Friday before the weekend is a day off from school, then the visitation would begin Thursday after school. Likewise, if the Monday following visitation is a holiday, then the visiting parent would return the child(ren) to school on Tuesday. Each Wednesday after school until 8:00 p.m. (or any other week day as agreed upon by the parties).

Holiday schedule: Summer and Year-round School Breaks: For all children ages three (3) and above, all breaks from school, including summer breaks and year-round breaks, shall be equally divided. If the parties are unable to agree, they will alternate each year, one parent having the first half of the break, the other parent having the second half. To the extent that the parents are in town, the visitation schedule as outline above shall remain in effect with reciprocal visitation to the primary residential parent.

Other holidays: 3. Thanksgiving: The entire Thanksgiving weekend to be alternated each year, commencing on Wednesday after school through the return of the child(ren) to school on Monday. 4. Christmas: One parent will have the child(ren) from the first day of Christmas break through Christmas day at 2:00 p.m. The other parent will have visitation from Christmas day at 2:00 p.m. through the end of Christmas break, returning the child(ren) to school the morning class resumes. The parents would alternate this arrangement every other year. In the event that one of the parents lives out of state, the exchange date would be on the 26th of December at noon. 5. Spring Break: The Spring Break will be split on Wednesday at 6:00 p.m. The first half of the Spring Break will go the parent whose regularly scheduled weekend falls on the first half of the week with the second half going to the parent whose weekend falls on the second half. 6. Mother’s day shall be with the mother and Father’s Day with the father. If these days do not fall on regularly scheduled weekends, then that parent will be entitled to have the child(ren) with them from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. that day.

1.1 Easter: Children over age 36 months. Parenting time shall be from 6:00 p.m. Saturday evening prior to Easter Sunday until 6:00 p.m. on Easter Sunday. Mother even years. Father odd years. 1.2 Memorial Day and Labor Day: Children over age 36 months. Parenting time shall be from 6:00 p.m. on the Friday preceding the holiday until 6:00 p.m. on the day of the holiday. Day Mother odd years. Father even years. 1.3 Fourth of July: Children over age 36 months. Parenting time shall be from 9:00 a.m. on July 4th until 6:00 p.m. on July 5th. Mother even years. Father odd years. 1.4 Halloween: Children over 36 months. Parenting time shall be from 3:00 p.m., or when school ends until 8:00 p.m. Mother even years. Father odd years. 1.5 Children’s Birthdays: Children over age 36 months. If the birthday falls on a school day, parenting time shall be from 3:00 p.m. until 8:00 p.m. If on a non-school day, from 9:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. Mother even years. Father odd years. 1.6 Parent’s Birthdays and Special Provisions: 5.12 (c) If the parent’s birthday falls on a school day, then parent’s time shall be from the end of school until 8:00 p.m.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 28.8%

Pennsylvania

Biggest county: Philadelphia County

Source type: Lee Schwartz (attorney Philadelphia, Bucks, Chester and Montgomery Counties.)

Year: 2018

Bio: Lee A. Schwartz, Esquire is partner in the law firm of SchwartzJordan Law Group LLC, in Philadelphia. He practices extensively in the area of Family Law in the five-county Philadelphia area, with over thirty-five years of experience. In addition to representing clients in all aspects of Family Law, Mr. Schwartz also Mediates divorce, custody, support, alimony and division of property concerns and has been mediating these issues for over twenty-five years. As part of his practice, Mr. Schwartz has been engaged by attorneys to arbitrate Custody related disputes for their clients. Lee A. Schwartz, Esquire. O: 215-967-9070. Lee@schwartzjordan.com.

Regular schedule: "Weekend: Friday 6pm until Sunday 6pm. Weekdays: Tuesday 3pm until 7pm AND Thursday 3pm until Friday 8am."

Holiday schedule: "Alternating week or alternating month situation. Vacation time occurs in summer or winter. Spring break winter spring break alternated by parents and holidays occur then, no school missed for vacations."

Other holidays: "Nye, nyd, easter Sunday, independence day, memorial day, labour day ,thanksgiving day and xmas eve xmas day alternate. Thanksgiving is not always a one day event thurs Friday or thurs-Sunday. Thanksgiving 10am- 7/8pm. More common xmas eve noon until xmas day at noon xmas day noon until dec 26 noon alternates each year. Independence day late drop offs 10pm. Friday /Monday on bank holidays 6/7pm drop off 3 days weekends inc memorial day."

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 28.2%

Rhode Island

Biggest county: Providence County

Source type: Web page of attorney David Slepkow- Rhode Island Family Court common child visitation schedule

Year: 2011

Regular schedule: In the event that the parties cannot resolve visitation between themselves or by Mediation then the Rhode Island Family Court may order a common RI child visitation schedule. A standard visitation schedule is every other weekend from Friday late afternoon / early evening to Sunday early evening and one evening dinner visit a week. In some cases there are two dinner visits a week. In many instances there are two dinner visit one week and one the next on a two week rotating schedule.

Holiday schedule: Standard holiday schedule.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 24%

South Carolina

Biggest county: Greenville County

Source type: Sample Parenting Time Guidelines

Year: Unconfirmed

Regular schedule: 1. Weekends: The NCP shall be entitled to alternate weekend parenting time. Parenting time shall begin on Friday at 6:00 p.m. and end on Sunday at 6:00 p.m. 2. Weekday Parenting Time: The NCP shall be entitled to parenting time one evening per week from 3:00 p.m. or when school releases until 8:00 p.m. The evening shall be the same every week and varied only if conflicts with the holiday or vacation schedule. If the parties cannot agree, weekday visitation shall be on Wednesdays.

Holiday schedule: Annual Vacation: Parenting time shall be as follows: Four weeks in the summer to begin no sooner than one full week after the last day of school and to end no later than one full week before the first day of school. Parenting time may be exercised in one three week period plus a one week period or two two-week periods that shall not be consecutive. In the event that written notification is not given as set forth in Section d. Scheduling Annual Vacation (below), parenting time shall be the last two full weeks of June and the last two full weeks of July. Parents should schedule annual vacation time around the school calendar, including summer school if applicable.

Other holidays: HOLIDAYS: In odd-numbered years the NCP shall be entitled to spend Martin Luther King Jr. Day Weekend, Easter, July 4th Weekend, Thanksgiving and the first half of Christmas vacation with the minor child; and the CP shall be entitled to spend Spring Break vacation, Memorial Day Weekend, Labor Day Weekend, Halloween, and the second half of Christmas vacation with the minor child. In even numbered years, the schedule shall be reversed. The Holiday schedule shall take precedence over weekday and weekend visitation schedules.

a. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day Weekend, July 4th Weekend, Labor Day Weekend, and Memorial Day Weekend– Parenting time shall begin at 6:00 p.m. on Friday and end at 6:00 p.m. on Monday. b. Easter – Easter often falls within the Spring Break vacation period. In the event that it does not, then the child shall spend Easter with the NCP during odd-numbered years, and the CP during even-numbered years. If Easter falls within the Spring Break period, then parenting time shall be with the parent entitled to spend the spring break vacation period with the child. Easter parenting time shall be from 6:00 p.m. on Friday until Sunday at 6:00 p.m. c. Thanksgiving – Parenting time shall begin on the Wednesday before Thanksgiving at 6:00 p.m. and end at 6:00 p.m. on Sunday.

d. Christmas Vacation – The first half of the Christmas parenting time shall begin on December 18th at 6:00 p.m. and end at 8:30 p.m. on December 24th. The second half of Christmas parenting time shall begin at 8:30 p.m. December 24th and end at noon January 1st. e. Halloween – If the holiday falls on a weekday, parenting time shall be from 3:00 p.m. or when school releases until 9:00 p.m. If the holiday falls on a weekend, parenting time shall be from 9:00 a.m. until 9:00 p.m. on Halloween.

f. Mother’s Day – Shall be spent with the Mother every year. In the event that the holiday falls on a weekend that is scheduled to be spent with the other parent, parenting time shall be from 9:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. on Mother’s Day. g. Father’s Day – Shall be spent with the Father every year. In the event that the holiday falls on a weekend that is scheduled to be spent with the other parent, parenting time shall be from 9:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. on Father’s Day.

h. Mother’s Birthday – Shall be spent with the Mother every year. If the Mother is the NCP and the Mother’s birthday is on a weekday, parenting time shall be from 3:00 p.m. or when school releases until 8:00 p.m. If the Mother’s birthday is on weekend that is scheduled to be spent with the other parent, parenting time for the Mother shall be from 9:00 p.m. until 6:00 p.m. on the Mother’s birthday. i. Father’s Birthday - Shall be spent with the Father every year. If the Father is the NCP and the Father’s birthday is on a weekday, parenting time shall be from 3:00 p.m. or when school releases until 8:00 p.m. If the Father’s birthday is on weekend that is scheduled to be spent with the other parent, parenting time for the Father shall be from 9:00 p.m. until 6:00 p.m. on the Father’s birthday. This visitation will not take priority over other vacation or holiday parenting time. j. Child’s Birthday – The child will celebrate his or her birthday with the NCP on odd-numbered years and the CP on even-numbered years. In years that the child spends his or her birthday with the NCP, if the child’s birthday falls on a weekday, parenting time will be from 3:00 p.m. or when school releases until 8:00 p.m. If the child’s birthday falls on a weekend that is scheduled to be spent with another parent, parenting time shall be from 9:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. on the child’s birthday. The parent holding a birthday party for the child may wish to consider inviting the other parent to the party. This visitation will not take priority over other vacation or holiday parenting time.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 27.9%

South Dakota

Biggest county: Minnehaha County

Source type: South Dakota Parenting Guidelines. Independently confirmed as accurate by attorney who wishes to remain anonymous.

Year: 2012

Regular schedule: Weekends: Parenting time will consist of alternate weekends from Friday at 5:30 p.m. to Sunday at 7:00 p.m., or an equivalent period of time if the noncustodial parent is unavailable on weekends and the children do not miss school. The starting and ending times may change to fit the parents’ schedules. In addition, if time and distance allow, the noncustodial parent may spend time on a regular schedule with the children once or twice per week for two or three hours, or have one midweek overnight time. In most cases, it is a positive experience for the children to have the noncustodial parent involved in taking the children to and from school, and it is recommended that the noncustodial parent extend the alternating weekends by picking up the children from school on Friday and taking the children to school on Monday. All transportation for the midweek custodial periods is the responsibility of the parent exercising them.

Holiday schedule: Summer Vacation. The children will be with each parent for one-half of the school summer vacation. At the option of the noncustodial parent, the time may be consecutive or it may be split into two or more blocks of time. If the children go to summer school and it is impossible for the noncustodial parent to schedule this time other than during summer school, the noncustodial parent may elect to take the time when the children are in summer school and transport the children to the summer school sessions at the children’s school or an equivalent summer school session in the noncustodial parent’s community. Parenting Time Before and During Summer Periods: The custodial parent will have the weekend before the beginning and the weekend after the end of the noncustodial parent’s summer period, regardless of whose weekend it may be. Weekend time “missed” during the summer period will not be “made up.” During the noncustodial parent’s extended summer time with the children of more than three consecutive weeks, it will be the noncustodial parent’s duty to arrange for a mutually convenient 48-hour continuous period of time for the custodial parent to spend with the children, unless impractical because of distance.

Other holidays: Winter (Christmas) Vacation: The children will spend with each parent one half of the school winter vacation, a period that begins the evening the children are released from school and continues to the evening of the day before the children will return to school. If the parents cannot agree on the division of this period, the noncustodial parent will have the first half in even-numbered years. Holidays, such as Christmas, are extremely important times of shared enjoyment, family tradition, and meaning. Families living in the same or nearby communities must work out ways for the children to spend part of each important holiday at both homes. If the parents are unable to work out a shared arrangement for the Christmas/New Year holiday and they celebrate the holidays in the same or a nearby community, in those years when Christmas does not fall in a parent’s week, the children will be with the other parent from 11:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. on Christmas Day.

Holiday Weekends: Parents will alternate the following holiday weekends: Martin Luther King, Jr. Day; President's Day; Easter; the 4th of July; Native Americans' Day; and Thanksgiving. Thanksgiving will begin on Wednesday evening and end on Sunday evening; Easter weekend will begin on Thursday evening and end on Sunday evening; Martin Luther King Jr. Day, President’s Day, and Native Americans' Day weekends will begin on the preceding Friday evening and end on Monday evening; The 4th of July will begin the evening of July 3 at 5:00 p.m. and end the morning of July 5 at 10:00 a.m. Unless otherwise specified, holiday weekends begin at 5:30 p.m. and end at 7:00 p.m. on the designated days. The noncustodial parent will have Memorial Day weekend and the custodial parent will have Labor Day weekend.

Children’s Birthdays: As with holidays, a child's birthday will be alternated annually between the parents. If a child’s birthday falls on a weekend, it will be celebrated with the noncustodial parent from 11:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. (or so much of the period as the noncustodial parent elects to use). In some instances, the parents may agree to share the child’s birthday, with each parent spending a few hours with the child. Parent’s Birthdays. The children will spend the day with the parent on the parent’s birthday, unless it interferes with the other parent’s scheduled time during a vacation or a major holiday. If a parent’s birthday falls on a holiday, that parent may elect to exercise parenting time on another day during that month, upon sufficient advance notice to the other parent.

Conflicts Between Regular and Holiday Weekends: When there is a conflict between a holiday weekend and the regularly scheduled weekend time with the parent, the holiday takes precedence. Unless mutually agreed, there will be no makeup parenting time in conflicts between holiday weekend and the regularly scheduled weekend time. Mother's Day — Father's Day. The children shall be with their mother each Mother’s Day and with their father each Father’s Day from 9:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Conflicts between these special days and regular parenting time will be resolved under Paragraph 1.9.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 23.6%

Tennessee

Biggest county: Shelby County

Source type: Shelby County’s Juvenile Court standard visitation: Juvenile Court Judge of Memphis and Shelby County Dan Michael’s “standard visitation” form. Confirmed by various attorneys.

Year: 2013

Regular schedule: That the non-custodial parent of said child(ren), shall have visitation privileges with said child(ren) the first, third and fifth weekend of each month from 6:00 P.M. Friday until 6:00 P.M. Sunday.

Holiday schedule: Each summer from 6:00 P.M. June 1 until 6:00 P.M. June 15 and 6:00 P.M. July 1 until 6:00 P.M. July 15. There shall be no visitation from June 16 to June 30 and July 16 to July 30 annually.

Other holidays: Thanksgiving Day from 3:00 P.M. until 6:00 P.M. the following day; December 24 from 9:00 A.M. until 6:00 P.M.; December 25 at 3:00 P.M. until December 27 at 6:00 P.M.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 21.8%

Texas

Biggest county: Harris County

Source type: RL- Standard Possession Order

Year: 2018

Regular schedule:Weekends— On weekends that occur during the regular school term, beginning at [6:00 P.M./the time the child’s school is regularly dismissed] on the first, third, and fifth Friday of each month and ending at [6:00 P.M. on the following Sunday/the time the child’s school resumes after the weekend]. On weekends that do not occur during the regular school term, beginning at 6:00 P.M. on the first, third, and fifth Friday of each month and ending at 6:00 P.M. on the following Sunday.

Weekend Possession Extended by a Holiday— Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Standard Possession Order, if a weekend period of possession by Possessory Conservator begins on a student holiday or a teacher in-service day that falls on a Friday during the regular school term, as determined by the school in which the child is enrolled, or a federal, state, or local holiday that falls on a Friday during the summer months when school is not in session, that weekend period of possession shall begin at [6:00 P.M. on the immediately preceding Thursday/the time the child’s school is regularly dismissed on the Thursday immediately preceding the student holiday or teacher in-service day and 6:00 P.M. on the Thursday immediately preceding the federal, state, or local holiday during the summer months]. Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Standard Possession Order, if a weekend period of possession by Possessory Conservator ends on or is immediately followed by a student holiday or a teacher inservice day that falls on a Monday during the regular school term, as determined by the school in which the child is enrolled, or a federal, state, or local holiday that falls on a Monday during the summer months when school is not in session, that weekend period of possession shall end at 6:00 P.M. on that Monday.

Thursdays—On Thursday of each week during the regular school term, beginning at [6:00 P.M./the time the child’s school is regularly dismissed] and ending at [8:00 P.M./the time the child’s school resumes on Friday].

Holiday schedule: Spring Vacation in Even-Numbered Years—In even-numbered years, beginning at [6:00 P.M. on the day the child is dismissed from school/the time the child’s school is dismissed] for the school’s spring vacation and ending at 6:00 P.M. on the day before school resumes after that vacation. Extended Summer Possession by Possessory Conservator— With Written Notice by April 1—If Possessory Conservator gives Sole Managing Conservator written notice by April 1 of a year specifying an extended period or periods of summer possession for that year, Possessory Conservator shall have possession of the child for thirty days beginning no earlier than the day after the child’s school is dismissed for the summer vacation and ending no later than seven days before school resumes at the end of the summer vacation in that year, to be exercised in no more than two separate periods of at least seven consecutive days each, as specified in the written notice [include if applicable: , provided that the period or periods of extended summer possession do not interfere with Father’s Day possession]. These periods of possession shall begin and end at 6:00 P.M. on each applicable day. Without Written Notice by April 1—If Possessory Conservator does not give Sole Managing Conservator written notice by April 1 of a year specifying an extended period or periods of summer possession for that year, Possessory Conservator shall have possession of the child for thirty consecutive days in that year beginning at 6:00 P.M. on July 1 and ending at 6:00 P.M. on July 31.

Notwithstanding the Thursday periods of possession during the regular school term and the weekend periods of possession ORDERED for Possessory Conservator, it is expressly ORDERED that Sole Managing Conservator shall have a superior right of possession of the child as follows: Spring Vacation in Odd-Numbered Years—In odd-numbered years, beginning at [6:00 P.M. on the day the child is dismissed from school/the time the child’s school is dismissed] for the school’s spring vacation and ending at 6:00 P.M. on the day before school resumes after that vacation. Summer Weekend Possession by Sole Managing Conservator—If Sole Managing Conservator gives Possessory Conservator written notice by April 15 of a year, Sole Managing Conservator shall have possession of the child on any one weekend beginning at 6:00 P.M. on Friday and ending at 6:00 P.M. on the following Sunday during any one period of the extended summer possession by Possessory Conservator in that year, provided that Sole Managing Conservator picks up the child from Possessory Conservator and returns the child to that same place [include if applicable: and that the weekend so designated does not interfere with Father’s Day possession]. Extended Summer Possession by Sole Managing Conservator—If Sole Managing Conservator gives Possessory Conservator written notice by April 15 of a year or gives Possessory Conservator fourteen days’ written notice on or after April 16 of a year, Sole Managing Conservator may designate one weekend beginning no earlier than the day after the child’s school is dismissed for the summer vacation and ending no later than seven days before school resumes at the end of the summer vacation, during which an otherwise scheduled weekend period of possession by Possessory Conservator shall not take place in that year, provided that the weekend so designated does not interfere with Possessory Conservator’s period or periods of extended summer possession [include if applicable: or with Father’s Day possession].

Other holidays: Notwithstanding the weekend and Thursday periods of possession of Possessory Conservator, Sole Managing Conservator and Possessory Conservator shall have the right to possession of the child as follows: Christmas Holidays in Even-Numbered Years—In even-numbered years, Possessory Conservator shall have the right to possession of the child beginning at [6:00 P.M. on the day the child is dismissed from school/the time the child’s school is dismissed] for the Christmas school vacation and ending at noon on December 28, and Sole Managing Conservator shall have the right to possession of the child beginning at noon on December 28 and ending at 6:00 P.M. on the day before school resumes after that Christmas school vacation. Christmas Holidays in Odd-Numbered Years—In odd-numbered years, Sole Managing Conservator shall have the right to possession of the child beginning at [6:00 P.M. on the day the child is dismissed from school/the time the child’s school is dismissed] for the Christmas school vacation and ending at noon on December 28, and Possessory Conservator shall have the right to possession of the child beginning at noon on December 28 and ending at 6:00 P.M. on the day before school resumes after that Christmas school vacation.

Thanksgiving in Odd-Numbered Years—In odd-numbered years, Possessory Conservator shall have the right to possession of the child beginning at [6:00 P.M. on the day the child is dismissed from school/the time the child’s school is dismissed] for the Thanksgiving holiday and ending at 6:00 P.M. on the Sunday following Thanksgiving. Thanksgiving in Even-Numbered Years—In even-numbered years, Sole Managing Conservator shall have the right to possession of the child beginning at [6:00 P.M. on the day the child is dismissed from school/the time the child’s school is dismissed] for the Thanksgiving holiday and ending at 6:00 P.M. on the Sunday following Thanksgiving.

Child’s Birthday—If a conservator is not otherwise entitled under this Standard Possession Order to present possession of [the/a] child on the child’s birthday, that conservator shall have possession of the child [include if desired: and the child’s minor siblings] [possession of siblings on a child’s birthday is not part of the standard possession order] beginning at 6:00 P.M. and ending at 8:00 P.M. on that day, provided that that conservator picks up the child[ren] from the other conservator’s residence and returns the child[ren] to that same place. Father’s Day—Father shall have the right to possession of the child each year, beginning at 6:00 P.M. on the Friday preceding Father’s Day and ending at [6:00 P.M. on/8:00 A.M. on the Monday after] Father’s Day, provided that if Father is not otherwise entitled under this Standard Possession Order to present possession of the child, he shall pick up the child from the other conservator’s residence and return the child to that same place. Mother’s Day—Mother shall have the right to possession of the child each year, beginning at [6:00 P.M./the time the child’s school is regularly dismissed] on the Friday preceding Mother’s Day and ending at [6:00 P.M. on/the time the child’s school resumes after] Mother’s Day, provided that if Mother is not otherwise entitled under this Standard Possession Order to present possession of the child, she shall pick up the child from the other conservator’s residence and return the child to that same place.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 33%

Utah

Biggest county: Salt Lake County

Source type: Attorney McKette Allred and Utah Statute 30-3-35

Year: 2017 and 2018

Bio: McKette Hinkins Allred is a native of Utah. McKette practices with her husband in his firm, David M. Allred P.C. She is the mother of 5 children and a grandmother of 5. She graduated from BYU with her bachelors of science and from the University of Arkansas with her Juris Doctorate. McKette currently serves on the Utah Family Law Executive Committee as the Chair, and serves on the Domestic Violence Coalition and the Felony Drug Court for Emery County. McKette has served on the Children Justice Advisory Board for Carbon and Emery Counties and has formerly served as the local bar president for the Seventh District. McKette is a private guardian ad litem and primarily practices family law and parental defense. McKette received the Parental Defense Attorney of the year in 2009 and the Pro Bono Attorney of the year in 2016. McKette is the CEO of Meridian Mentoring, a residential treatment center for troubled teenagers. (435) 381-5326. mallredlaw@gmail.com.

Regular schedule: One weekday evening to be specified by the noncustodial parent or the court, or Wednesday evening if not specified, from 3:00 p.m. until 8:30 p.m. Alternating weekends beginning on the first weekend after the entry of the decree from 6 p.m. on Friday until 7 p.m. on Sunday continuing each year.

Holiday schedule: 4 weeks non-custodial parent. 2 of those are uninterrupted, other parent gets the same weekday visitation as the regular schedule.(l) Extended parent-time with the noncustodial parent may be: (i)up to four consecutive weeks when school is not in session at the option of the noncustodial parent, including weekends normally exercised by the noncustodial parent, but not holidays; (ii) two weeks shall be uninterrupted time for the noncustodial parent; and (iii) the remaining two weeks shall be subject to parent-time for the custodial parent for weekday parent-time but not weekends, except for a holiday to be exercised by the other parent. (m) The custodial parent shall have an identical two-week period of uninterrupted time when school is not in session for purposes of vacation

Other holidays: If a holiday falls on a weekend or on a Friday or Monday and the total holiday period extends beyond that time so that the child is free from school and the parent is free from work, the noncustodial parent shall be entitled to this lengthier holiday period. (ii) (A) At the election of the noncustodial parent, parent-time over a scheduled holiday weekend may begin from the time the child's school is regularly dismissed at the beginning of the holiday weekend until 7 p.m. on the last day of the holiday weekend.

In years ending in an odd number, the noncustodial parent is entitled to the following holidays: (i) child's birthday on the day before or after the actual birthdate beginning at 3 p.m. until 9 p.m., at the discretion of the noncustodial parent, the noncustodial parent may take other siblings along for the birthday;(ii) Martin Luther King, Jr. beginning 6 p.m. on Friday until Monday at 7 p.m. unless the holiday extends for a lengthier period of time to which the noncustodial parent is completely entitled;(iii) subject to Subsection (2)(i), spring break beginning at 6 p.m. on the day school lets out for the holiday until 7 p.m. on the evening before school resumes;(iv) July 4 beginning 6 p.m. the day before the holiday until 11 p.m. or no later than 6 p.m. on the day following the holiday, at the option of the parent exercising the holiday;(v) Labor Day beginning 6 p.m. on Friday until Monday at 7 p.m., unless the holiday extends for a lengthier period of time to which the noncustodial parent is completely entitled;(vii) Veteran's Day holiday beginning 6 p.m. the day before the holiday until 7 p.m. on the holiday; and(viii) the first portion of the Christmas school vacation as defined in Subsection 30-3-32(3)(b) including Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, continuing until 1 p.m. on the day halfway through the holiday period, if there are an odd number of days for the holiday period, or until 7 p.m. if there are an even number of days for the holiday period, so long as the entire holiday period is equally divided.

(g) In years ending in an even number, the noncustodial parent is entitled to the following holidays: (i)child's birthday on actual birthdate beginning at 3 p.m. until 9 p.m., at the discretion of the noncustodial parent, the noncustodial parent may take other siblings along for the birthday;(ii) President's Day beginning at 6 p.m. on Friday until 7 p.m. on Monday unless the holiday extends for a lengthier period of time to which the noncustodial parent is completely entitled;(iii) Memorial Day beginning at 6 p.m. on Friday until Monday at 7 p.m., unless the holiday extends for a lengthier period of time to which the noncustodial parent is completely entitled;(iv) July 24 beginning at 6 p.m. on the day before the holiday until 11 p.m. or no later than 6 p.m. on the day following the holiday, at the option of the parent exercising the holiday;(v) Columbus Day beginning at 6 p.m. the day before the holiday until 7 p.m. on the holiday;(vi) Halloween on October 31 or the day Halloween is traditionally celebrated in the local community from after school until 9 p.m. if on a school day, or from 4 p.m. until 9 p.m.;(vii) Thanksgiving holiday beginning Wednesday at 7 p.m. until Sunday at 7 p.m.; and (viii) the second portion of the Christmas school vacation as defined in Subsection 30-3-32(3)(b), beginning 1 p.m. on the day halfway through the holiday period, if there are an odd number of days for the holiday period, or at 7 p.m. if there are an even number of days for the holiday period, so long as the entire Christmas holiday period is equally divided.

(h) The custodial parent is entitled to the odd year holidays in even years and the even year holidays in odd years.(i) If there is more than one child and the children's school schedules vary for purpose of a holiday, it is presumed that the children will remain together for the holiday period beginning the first evening all children's schools are let out for the holiday and ending the evening before any child returns to school.(j) Father's Day shall be spent with the natural or adoptive father every year beginning at 9 a.m. until 7 p.m. on the holiday.(k) Mother's Day shall be spent with the natural or adoptive mother every year beginning at 9 a.m. until 7 p.m. on the holiday.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 26.2%

Vermont

Biggest county: Chittenden County

Source type: Vermont Bar Association and two attorneys (Phyllis Rubenstein Washington county and Thea Lloyd-Windsor, Windham and Bennington counties.)

Year: 2018

Bio: Thea (Althea) Lloyd, Esq. Thea is an attorney whose private practice focuses on mediation and parent coordination, working with families in southern Vermont for over 25 years. Thea co-chairs Vermont Family Mediators (VFaM), teaches the Family Court’s Pro Se Education and Helping Children Cope with Separation and Divorce mandatory classes, is a trustee of Vermont Families in Transition, which offers supervised visitation services in Middlebury, Vermont, and is a member of the Vermont Bar Association and the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts. While working for the Vermont judiciary Thea served as acting Magistrate, coordinated an Integrated Domestic Violence Docket (IDVD), and was the family court case manager and guardian ad litem supervisor. She was partner in a local law firm for 10 years. She co- authored Criminal Justice 101: A First Course, Universal Publishers, 2015. Thea obtained a J.D. from Northeastern School of Law in Boston. 802.257.8519. tlloyd@sover.net.

Phyllis Rubenstein is a member of the Washington County Bar Association, the Vermont Bar Association, the American Bar Association, the International Academy of Collaborative Professionals, and the National Organization of Social Security Claimants’ Representatives. She is a former chairperson of the Vermont Bar Association Family Law Committee. She helped found and is a former chairperson of the Vermont Bar Association Section of Collaborative Law. She founded and is a former member of the Central Vermont Collaborative Law Practice Group. She served as secretary and president of the Washington County Bar Association. In addition, to representing parties in family law matters, Ms. Rubenstein also represents claimants seeking social security disability benefits. For more information go to www.PhyllisRubensteinLaw.com. Phyllis E. Rubenstein 26 State Street, Suite 1. Montpelier, VT 05602. (802)262-3300 phone. Phyllis@PhyllisRubensteinLaw.comcastbiz.net.

Regular schedule: 3-2-2-3 / 2-2-5-5.

Holiday schedule: Summer schedule: 1 week on 1 week off with 2 weeks’ vacation time each

Other holidays: "Holidays shall supersede the routine schedule a. Thanksgiving - from 9 am until 6 pm; with Dad in 2018 and even numbered years, with Mom in 2019 and odd numbered years; ii. Christmas: a. December 24th @ noon until December 25th @ noon alternating annually b. December 25th @ noon until December 26th @ noon with other parent c. Mother’s Day: each year with Mom from 9 am until 6 pm.; d. Father’s Day: each year with Dad from 9 am until 6 pm c. Children’s Birthdays : as long as the parents agree they shall plan a family dinner with the children and both parents on each child’s birthday; d. July 4th : in 2018 and even years from 9 am until July 5th 9 am with Dad; in 2019 and odd numbered years with Mom."

"Other common holidays are Easter, Halloween, Monday holidays, Parents’ birthdays. Sometimes Labor Day and Memorial Day are with the parent who has the children for the week-end, but I think it is more common to alternate these days annually, as well as July 4. If children are young, parents often share or alternate Halloween. For some people Easter Sunday is important -- 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. usually. Parents share or alternate the Christmas vacation and alternate April vacation.""

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

Virginia

Biggest county: Fairfax County

Source type: Laurie Forbes Neff (attorney all of Northern Virginia- Alexandria, Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, PW. as well as DC and parts of MD)

Year: 2018

Bio: Laurie Forbes Neff is a Senior Attorney whose practice is focused on family law matters. Laurie is an experienced and confident family law attorney who represents clients throughout Northern Virginia and has successfully litigated and/or negotiated everything from divorce to child custody, support matters, step, second-parent, and close relative adoptions to surrogacy matters. Prior to joining the firm, Laurie was a clinical professor of law at George Mason University School of Law and was an associate at a national firm in Tysons Corner, a small firm in Virginia Beach, and served as a law clerk for the Fourth Judicial Circuit upon her cum laude graduation from Pepperdine University School of Law, where she served as the Lead Articles Editor of the Pepperdine Law Review. Laurie is a member of the Virginia State Bar (Member, Family Law Section), Fairfax County Bar Association, and the Virginia Women’s Attorney’s Association. Laurie Forbes Neff, Esq. The Geller Law Group PLLC. 4000 Legato Rd., Suite 1100. Fairfax, VA 22033. Phone: 703-996-4775 (direct.)Main Office Line: 703-687-6188. Email: lneff@TheGellerLawGroup.com.

Regular schedule: "2-2-3. Presumption of 50/50 generally in Virgnia."

Holiday schedule: "Division of Winter Break, typically part way through Christmas day (one party has first 1/2 of Winter Break from School through 1/2 way through Christmas Day; other 1/2 way through Christmas through evening before return to school in New Year)."

Other holidays: "Holidays--alternating years (even/odd) for major holidays (after school/work until evening before return to school from holiday).Major federal holidays are usually included--although Columbus, Presidents Day and MLK are typically not. Kid's Birthdays/Mother's and Father's Day included. Parent's birthdays and Halloween. occasionally, depending on age of kids."

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

Washington

Biggest county: King County

Source type: Superior Court of Washington County of Yakima (8th biggest)- Visitation guidelines

Year: 2018

Regular schedule: Every other weekend from Friday at 6:00 P.M. until Sunday at 6:00 P.M. If Friday is a school holiday, the weekend begins Thursday at 6:00 P.M. If Monday is a school holiday, the weekend ends Monday at 6:00 P.M. One weekday, each week, from 5:30 P.M. until 7:30 P.M.

Holiday schedule: Summer residential time: 30 days, unless the parents agree to a shorter or longer period of time or the Court finds that there are circumstances which would extend or shorten summer residential time. During this summer time, the primary residential parent shall have residential time with the child during one (1) weekend (except during extended trips, etc.).

Other holidays: These holidays alternated each year: Thanksgiving for four (4) days, the first half of Christmas school vacation the first year and the second half of Christmas school vacation the next year and spring vacation. Father's/Mother's Day: Regardless of the residential times suggested above, the mother shall have residential time of at least four (4) hours on Mother’s Day, and the father shall have residential time of at least four (4) hours on Father’s Day. Birthdays: Each parent shall be allowed to spend at least four (4) hours with the child to celebrate the child’s birthday and that parent’s birthday, within two (2) days of that birthday.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 23.8%

West Virginia

Biggest county: Kanawha County

Source type: Attorneys Shawn Bayliss and Susie Hill (Putnam, Kanawha, Cabell, Mason, Lincoln, Nicholas, Fayette, Clay, Boone and Logan counties.)

Year: 2018

Bio: Susie Hill, Esquire is a prominent attorney in Charleston West Virginia who has practiced in the field of domestic law for the majority of her career. She has also been appointed as Guardian ad Litem, representing the best interest of minor children in those matters in family courts and in circuit courts. She can be contacted at 304-776-4226, or atsusiehillesq@yahoo.com.

Bio: "Shawn D. Bayliss. University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, B.A., 1991; West Virginia University, J.D., 1995; We are located in Hurricane, West Virginia and serve the Putnam, Cabell, Kanawha, and surrounding counties with a variety legal services. Our practice focuses mainly on Family Law, Divorce, Child Custody, and Estate Planning. We handle many Domestic Violence and Criminal Cases as well. He has argued numerous reported decisions before the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals and is active in his community. Previously, Shawn was a former counsel to the West Virginia Senate Finance Committee and has been involved with the following: Putnam County Port Authority Board, Putnam County Chamber of Commerce, Putnam County Mental Hygiene Commissioner, Supreme Court Educational Committee, Supreme Court Fatality Review Team, Contributing Attorney to West Virginia Legal Aid, Gideons International."

Regular schedule: "50/50- 2-2-3 schedule exchanges happening after school."

Holiday schedule: "In the summer, assuming the parents reside fairly close to each other, they exercise week on/week off."

Other holidays: "For Memorial Day and Labor Day, I encourage all parties to exercise the entire weekend every year. So one parent has every Memorial Day weekend, and the other parent has every Labor Day weekend. For important holidays, it is a mix whether the parties split the day, or receive the day every other year. If the parties share Thanksgiving Day, they split the day from 8 to 2 pm and 2 pm to 9 pm; or from 9 am to 3 pm and 3 pm to 9 pm. MLK Day is generally every other year. Less important holidays, like president's day, is regular schedule. The child's birthday is often regular schedule as both parents can have a birthday party either the weekend before or the weekend after."

"For the most important holiday (Christmas) one party exercises the eve of the 23rd so the child wakes up on the 24th at parent's home, to celebrate Christmas. The child goes to other parent's home around 8 pm on Christmas Eve and spends the entire next day with other parent. The following year, other parent has the 23rd and parent has the 25th."

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

Wisconsin

Biggest county: Milwaukee County

Source type: Attorney Geoff Seufert

Year: 2018

Bio: Geoff is the current president of the Society of Family Lawyers and the Collaborative Foundation of Wisconsin. He is also an active member of several professional organizations, including the State Bar's New Lawyer Challenges Committee, the Collaborative Family Law Council of Wisconsin, the Leander J. Foley, Jr. Matrimonial Inns of Court, the Waukesha County Bar Association, as well as volunteering at his daughter's school, the Waukesha County Family Court Legal Clinic and the community where he lives. Geoff J. Seufert Attorney/Mediator. Seufert Law, llc. PO Box 635. Pewaukee, WI 53072. Ph: 262.361.8298. geoff@seufertlawwi.com.

Regular schedule: "Either a "2-2-3" schedule or a "2-2-5-5" schedule. The former consisting of the parents alternating placement every 2-3 days over a repeating 2 week time period (Week 1: Monday/Tuesday = Parent A, Wednesday/Thursday = Parent B, Friday/Saturday/Sunday = Parent A. Week 2: Monday/Tuesday = Parent B, Wednesday/Thursday = Parent A, Friday/Saturday/Sunday = Parent B. Repeat). The latter consisting of each parent being assigned a repeating 2-day period during the week, and alternating the 3-day weekend, so as to give each parent a 5-day period of placement every two weeks (Week 1: Monday/Tuesday = Parent A, Wednesday/Thursday = Parent B, Fri/Sat/Sun = Parent A. Week 2: Mon/Tues = Parent A, Wed/Thurs = Parent B, Fri/Sat/Sun = Parent B)."

Holiday schedule: "Same as school year schedule. Occasionally (particularly with cases involving great distance between parents), the parties will flip-flop whereby Parent A will have the majority of placement time during the school year and then Parent B will have the majority of placement time during the summer. But that is not the norm. Two non-consecutive weeks of vacation each year, and such vacation time must overlap with a parent's "regular" weekend of placement (and not the other parent's regular weekend)."

Other holidays: "Alternating the holidays (even years versus odd years), with each parent receiving approximately "half" of the designated holidays each year (e.g., Mom might have Christmas Eve in even years and Christmas Day in odd years, while Dad might have Christmas Even in odd years and Christmas Day in even years). Typical holidays include: Easter, Mother's Day, Father's Day, Memorial Day, Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Year's Eve, New Year's Day. I don't believe that there is any "common" exchange time. It's on a case by case basis."

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 50%

Wyoming

Biggest county: Laramie County

Source type: Standard Visitation Order confirmed as current standard for Laramie County.

Year: 2018

Regular schedule: Alternate Weekends: The non-custodial parent shall have visitation on those weekends in which Friday is an even-numbered date, beginning at 6:00 p.m. on Friday and ending at 6:00 p.m. on Sunday, unless the following Monday is a holiday (not set forth in the preceding section) in which case the visitation shall not end until 6:00 p.m. on Monday. The custodial parent shall have visitation on those weekends in which Friday is an odd-numbered date, beginning and ending at the same times as set forth for the non-custodial parent’s weekend visitation.

Holiday schedule: Summer Visitation: The non-custodial parent shall have a minimum of two months visitation during the summer vacation period, beginning on the first Saturday after the school vacation begins (or would begin if the child is not in school) at 7:00 a.m. and continuing for a 60 day period, ending at 7:00 p.m. on the 60th day. The custodial parent shall have visitation according to the alternate holiday and alternate weekend schedule set forth above only if there are no transportation costs incurred by the non-custodial parent during the custodial parent’s exercise of visitation rights.

Other holidays: Alternate Holidays: The non-custodial parent shall have the following holidays: Even Years: First half of the Christmas vacation beginning at 7:00 a.m. on the first day after the school vacation begins (or would begin if the child is not in school) through 8:00 a.m. Christmas day. Easter/Spring Break (to coincide with the longer of the vacation periods if there are two separate vacation periods) school vacation period from 7:00 a.m. on the first full day of the vacation until 6:00 p.m. on the last day of the vacation period. Labor Day (same as 4th of July with appropriate date changes). Child’s Birthday from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.

Odd Years: Second half of the Christmas vacation beginning at 8:00 a.m. Christmas day until 6:00 p.m. the last day of the school vacation. New Year's Day. 4th of July (beginning 6:00 p.m. on July 3 through 7:00 a.m. on July 5, except when the 4th falls on a Friday, Saturday, or Sunday, in which case the visitation will begin at 6:00 p.m. on Friday and continue to the end of the weekend at 6:00 p.m. or the end of the holiday (when the 4th is on a Monday) at 6:00 p.m.) Thanksgiving (school holiday) from 6:00 p.m. the day school ends until 6:00 p.m. the Sunday after the holiday. Memorial Day (same as 4th of July with appropriate date changes).

The mother shall always have Mother’s Day and the father shall have Father’s Day from 7:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. Each parent shall have the same hours on their respective birthdays. The custodial parent shall have the same holiday schedule as set forth above with the odd and even years reversed.

Percentage custody for non-custodial parent: 28.6%

Dates used for times not specified

For the purposes of this study birthdays are as follows: Mom's birthday is 6th March, Dad's is 11th June, child's is 14th November.

School holiday dates assumed (unless otherwise specified in plan). The first date signifies the last day of school and the second date signifies the first day back at school after the break.

  • Spring time holidays: Fri, March 23, 2018 - Mon, April 2, 2018
  • Summer holidays: Thu, June 14, 2018 - Mon, August 20, 2018
  • Christmas holidays: Fri, December 21, 2018 - Fri, January 4, 2019
  • Spring time holidays: Fri, March 22, 2019 - Mon, April 1, 2019
  • Summer holidays: Thu, June 13, 2019 - Mon, August 19, 2019
  • Christmas holidays: Fri, December 20, 2019 - Fri, January 3, 2020

Unless otherwise indicated, if holiday weeks in the summer are equal for each parent, they are represented on the same day for each year- for example, starting the second Monday in June for dad in 2018 and 2019 and starting the second Monday in July for mom in 2018 and 2019.

The study assumes that holiday visitation periods take precedence over regular custody schedule and any missed time under the regular custody schedule is not made up if missed because of holiday visitation. This seems to be a standard stipulation found within the majority of custody schedules used for the study.